Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2016) 15, 11 - 16

Research article
Differences in Sensation Seeking Between Alpine Skiers, Snowboarders and Ski Tourers
Martin Kopp , Mirjam Wolf, Gerhard Ruedl, Martin Burtscher
Author Information
Department of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria

Martin Kopp
✉ Dept. of Sport Science, University of Innsbruck, Fürstenweg 185, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria
Publish Date
Received: 04-04-2015
Accepted: 07-11-2015
Published (online): 23-02-2016
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Despite different injury rates and injury patterns previous personality related research in the field of downhill winter sports did not subdivide between different alpine slope users. In this study, we tried to find out whether the personality trait sensation seeking differs between skiers, snowboarders and ski tourers. In a cross-sectional survey 1185 persons (726 alpine skiers, 321 snowboarders and 138 ski tourers comparable in age and sex) were electronically questioned with the sensation seeking scale (SSS-V) comprising the four factors thrill and adventure seeking, experiences seeking, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility. Kruskal-Wallis Tests revealed a significantly higher total score of the SSS-V for snowboarders in comparison to alpine skiers and ski tourers (H(2) = 41.5, p < 0.001). Ski tourers and snowboarders scored significantly higher in the dimensions “thrill- and adventure-seeking” and “experience-seeking” than alpine skiers. Furthermore, snowboarders showed higher scores in “disinhibition” related to alpine skiers and ski tourers and “boredom susceptibility” compared to alpine skiers. Data show differences in the personality trait sensation seeking in people practising different winter sports. As snowboarders showed higher SS-scores compared to alpine skiers and ski tourers prevention and information programs might benefit from a selective approach focusing on special characteristics of the respective group.

Key words: Sensation seeking, alpine skiing, ski touring, snowboarding

           Key Points
  • It is the very first research trying to identify differences between different types of winter sport slope users
  • Obtained results show higher sensation seeking scores in snowboarders
  • These results might stimulate new approaches in educational campaigns to reduce accident rates in winter sports
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