Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2017) 16, 302 - 310

Research article
Student Misbehavior in Physical Education: The Role of 2 X 2 Achievement Goals and Moral Disengagement
Wei-Ting Hsu1, Hsiu-Hua Li2, Yi-Hsiang Pan3, 
Author Information
1 Center for General Education, Fo Guang University, Taiwan
2 Department of Sport Promotion, National Taiwan Sport University, Tao-Yuan County, Taiwan
3 Graduate Institute of Physical Education, National Taiwan Sport University, Tao-Yuan County, Taiwan

Yi-Hsiang Pan
✉ Graduate Institute of Physical Education, National Taiwan Sport University, 250 Wen-Hwa 1st Road, Kwei-Shan, Tao-Yuan City, Taiwan, ROC
Email: a0922302951@gmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 02-11-2016
Accepted: 30-01-2017
Published (online): 08-08-2017
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ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine whether goal orientations were related to students’ self-reported misbehaviors in physical education and to examine whether the effects were mediated by moral disengagement. A two-study project employing structural equation modeling was conducted with high school students (Study 1, n = 287; Study 2, n = 296). In Study 1, the results showed that mastery-avoidance goals were unable to predict five misbehaviors (i.e., aggressive behavior, low engagement, failure to follow directions, poor self-management, and distracting behavior). Mastery-approach goals negatively predicted low engagement, failure to follow directions, and poor self-management. Performance-approach goals positively predicted aggressive and distracting behaviors, while performance-avoidance goals positively predicted all five misbehaviors. In Study 2, the results indicated that the positive relationships between performance-approach goals and misbehaviors and between performance-avoidance goals and misbehaviors were mediated by moral disengagement. These results are discussed in terms of the model of achievement goals, and implications for physical education are also highlighted.

Key words: Goal orientation, mediation, structural equation modeling


           Key Points
  • Mastery-approach goals negatively predicted low engagement, fails to follow directions, and poor self-management. Performance-approach goals positively predicted aggressive and distracts.
  • The positive relationship between performance-approach goals and misbehaviors, as well as the positive relationship between performance-avoidance goals and misbehaviors were mediated by moral disengagement.
 
 
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