Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2018 ) 17 , 533 - 538

Research article
The Post-Exercise Inflammatory Response to Repeated-Sprint Running in Hypoxia
Jaime Morrison1, Brianna Larsen1,2,3, Amanda J. Cox4, Clare Minahan1, 
Author Information
1 Griffith Sports Physiology and Performance, School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
2 Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
3 Queensland Academy of Sport, Nathan, Queensland, Australia
4 Griffith University, School of Medical Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia

Clare Minahan
✉ Griffith Sports Physiology and Performance, School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
Email: c.minahan@griffith.edu.au
Publish Date
Received: 23-05-2018
Accepted: 16-08-2018
Published (online): 01-12-2018
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ABSTRACT

This study investigated the acute inflammatory response to a repeat-sprint training session in hypoxia. Eleven amateur team-sport athletes completed a repeat-sprint training in hypoxia (RSH) protocol (4 sets of 4x4-s running sprints) in both normoxia and normobaric hypoxia (FiO2 0.145 to simulate an altitude of 3000 m) on separate days. Participants provided venous blood samples prior to (PRE), immediately after (POST), and 3 h after (3 h) completion of the protocol, and capillary blood lactate samples were taken upon arrival, at PRE, and at POST. Distance was recorded for each sprint. Venous blood samples were analysed to determine plasma concentrations of cytokines IL-1β, IL-1ra, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNFα. There was no interaction or main effect of condition for any cytokine (p > 0.05). However, time effects indicated that IL-10 was decreased by an average of 19% across the two experimental trials at 3 h compared to POST (p = 0.04), IL-6 increased by 55% from PRE to POST (p = 0.03) then decreased by 43% from POST to 3 h (p = 0.02), and IL-8 decreased by 30% from PRE to POST (p = 0.04) and was further reduced at 3 h compared to POST (by an additional 23%; p = 0.02). A time × condition interaction (p = 0.03) indicated that lactate was higher in hypoxia. There was no interaction effect or effect of condition for sprint distance (p > 0.05). These results suggest that team-sport athletes can perform a RSH session without increasing inflammation when compared to the same training session performed in normoxia.

Key words: Inflammation, cytokines, performance, altitude training


           Key Points
  • Repeat-sprint training in hypoxia is being increasingly utilised by team sport athletes, however little is known regarding the effect of RSH on the acute inflammatory response.
  • The results obtained in the present study suggest that team-sport athletes can perform RSH without increasing inflammation when compared to the same training performed in normoxia.
  • RSH elicited only a modest inflammatory response that was comparable to the same session performed in normoxia, and thus, inflammation should not have any negative impact on subsequent training and performance in team-sport athletes performing RSH.
 
 
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