Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2019 ) 18 , 207 - 212

Research article
Acute Injuries in Male Elite and Amateur Mountain Bikers: Results of a Survey
Rahel Stoop1,2, , Erich Hohenauer1,2,3, Thomas Vetsch1, Tom Deliens3, Ron Clijsen1,2,3
Author Information
1 Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, Department of Business Economics, Health and Social Care, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Landquart, Switzerland
2 International University of Applied Sciences THIM, Landquart, Switzerland
3 Department of Movement and Sport Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium

Rahel Stoop
‚úČ Rehabilitation Research Laboratory, Department of Business Economics, Health and Social Care, University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Landquart, Switzerland
Email: rahel.stoop@supsi.ch
Publish Date
Received: 21-11-2018
Accepted: 28-01-2019
Published (online): 01-06-2019
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ABSTRACT

Together with the growing popularity of mountain biking, the number of riders at risk for an acute injury has increased. A cross-sectional observational study was performed to describe the prevalence of acute injuries among elite and amateur riders and to determine predictive factors leading to a severe injury. A retrospective questionnaire was created comprising questions aiming on demographics, training volume, injury events and wearing of protective gear items. The survey was conducted during the Swiss Epic Mountain Bike Event in 2017. Complete data sets of male mountain bikers were used to determine prevalence. To evaluate injury related factors, only data sets reporting one or more injuries were included in the final analysis. Ninety-nine questionnaires were included to calculate the injury prevalence of 74% for elites and 69% for amateurs (p = 0.607). For the analysis of injury related factors 56 questionnaires were processed. Elites were significantly younger (p = 0.004) and had a significantly higher exposure time per year as amateurs (p < 0.001). The groups did not differ in number of injuries (p = 0.437) and number of severe injuries (p = 0.225). No predictive factors for a severe injury event were found. Both groups wore an equal amount of protective gear items (p = 0.846). A significant medium, respectively small correlation was found in both groups for mean hours of training per week and number of races per year (elites: r = 0.597, p = 0.023; amateurs: r = 0.428, p = 0.005). An equal prevalence of acute injuries was found in elite and amateur mountain bikers. Elites are at higher risk for an injury event due to their exposure time but do not suffer more or more severe injuries than amateurs.

Key words: Mountain biking, off-road cycling, acute injury


           Key Points
  • Male elite and amateur mountain bikers have an equal prevalence of acute mountain bike injuries.
  • Elites have a significantly higher exposure time per year compared to amateurs.
  • Elite and amateur riders do not differ in injury occurrence and injury severity.
  • Bone fractures affecting the lower extremity are the most prevalent severe injuries in elites and amateurs.
 
 
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