Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2019 ) 18 , 789 - 797

Research article
Functional Training Induces Greater Variety and Magnitude of Training Improvements than Traditional Resistance Training in Elderly Women
Marzo E. da Silva-Grigoletto1, Marceli M. A. Mesquita1, José C. Aragão-Santos1, Marta S. Santos1, Antônio G. Resende-Neto1, Josimari M. de Santana1, David G. Behm2, 
Author Information
1 Department of Physical Education, Department, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil
2 School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Canada

David G. Behm
✉ School of Human Kinetics and Recreation, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland, Canada
Email: dbehm@mun.can
Publish Date
Received: 15-06-2019
Accepted: 18-10-2019
Published (online): 01-12-2019
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ABSTRACT

The objective was to investigate the effects of functional (FT) and traditional (TT) training on trunk muscles maximal isometric strength, rate of force development and endurance with trained elderly women. Forty-five elderly women were directed into three groups: FT (n =1 6), TT (n = 14) and Control (n = 15). The FT (multi-planar, and multi-articular movements) and TT (primarily machine-based resistance exercises) performed mobility, muscle strength and power exercises. Both training groups also performed intermittent cardiometabolic activities. The maximum strength and endurance of the trunk muscles were verified, both at baseline and after 12 weeks of training (3xweek for 50 min each). Data were analyzed using a 2-way ANCOVA with contrast of adjusted mean values. FT significantly increased all variables: maximum trunk flexor strength (p = 0.002, 22%); rate of flexor force development (p = 0.001, 84%); trunk extensors maximal strength (p = 0.003, 17%); trunk extensor rate of force development (p = 0.05, 16%); trunk flexors (p = 0.001, 19%) and extensors (p = 0.017, 13%) endurance compared to baseline. TT showed an increase only in RFD of trunk extensors (p = 0.003, 53%), and flexors (p = 0.033, 42%), and trunk flexors endurance (p = 0.008, 11%). However, there was no statistically significant difference between groups. FT promoted improvement in all variables; strength, endurance and rate of force development of the trunk flexors and extensors of the elderly. On the other hand, TT improved only the rate of force development of trunk flexors and extensors and endurance of the trunk flexors. FT is recommended for elderly women as it improves a broader array of physiological parameters.

Key words: Aging, spine, activities of daily living, exercise


           Key Points
  • Both FT and TT can improve trunk flexor and extensor muscle strength and endurance with trained elderly women.
  • FT provides larger magnitude improvements to a wider variety of physiological measures.
  • Since FT provides greater training specificity, it is highly recommended for training with elderly women.
 
 
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