Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine ( 2019 ) 18 , 812 - 829

Review article
What Do We Know About the Development of Personal and Social Skills within the Sport Education Model: A Systematic Review
Cristiana Bessa1, Peter Hastie2, Rui Araújo1, Isabel Mesquita1, 
Author Information
1 Centre for Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D), Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Portugal
2 Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, United States

Isabel Mesquita
✉ PhD Rua Dr. Plácido Costa, 91, 4200-450 Porto, Portugal
Email: imesquita@fade.up.pt
Publish Date
Received: 09-05-2019
Accepted: 14-10-2019
Published (online): 19-11-2019
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to conduct a review of the research on the Sport Education (SE) studies that have examined the development of students’ personal and social skills. Research articles selected were found through Web of Science, SCOPUS, Academic Search Complete, ERIC, SPORTDiscus with Full Text, Education Source, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES databases. The keywords “Sport Education” and “physical education” were used in different combinations. The articles were included for analysis if the following criteria were met: (i) were published in peer-reviewed international journals indexed in JCR (Journal Citation Reports) or SJR (Scientific Journal Rankings); (ii) were available in full-text; (iii) examined personal and social variables included or measured as main outcomes within the SE model. The quality of the selected studies was scored using a quality assessment list. Fifty-one studies were included. Results showed that, considering the development of social and personal competencies, the majority of SE research took place in Spain and USA in a co-educational PE context (high school). Enjoyment/satisfaction, enthusiasm and engagement were the predominant outcome measures, using a non-experimental design and multiple qualitative tools in more than half of the studies. Few studies established the fidelity of the model implementation. There is a need for future research to consider other samples, contexts, cultures and types of sports seeking to reinforce the positive impact of SE on the personal and social competencies. Longer units with a good planning, mixed and quantitative methodological designs and the report of the model fidelity would be also particularly important for future investigations.

Key words: Sport Education model, physical education, pedagogical models, personal skills, social skills


           Key Points
  • Considering the development of social and personal competencies, the majority of SE research took place in Spain and USA in a co-educational PE context (high school).
  • Enjoyment/satisfaction, enthusiasm and engagement were the predominant outcome measures, using a non-experimental design and multiple qualitative tools in more than half of the studies.
  • Few studies established the fidelity of the model implementation.
  • Future studies should consider other samples, contexts, cultures, types of sports and longer units seeking to reinforce the positive impact of SE on the personal and social competencies.
 
 
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