Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
618
Download
242
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 149 - 157

Review article
Physical Load and Referees’ Decision-Making in Sports Games: A Scoping Review
Nicolas Bloß , Jörg Schorer, Florian Loffing, Dirk Büsch
Author Information
Institute of Sport Science, Carl von Ossietzky University Oldenburg, Oldenburg, Germany

Nicolas Bloß
✉ Institute of Sport Science, Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg, Ammerländer Heerstr. 114-118, 26129 Oldenburg, Germany
Email: nicolas.bloss1@uni-oldenburg.de
Publish Date
Received: 24-10-2019
Accepted: 03-01-2019
Published (online): 24-02-2020
Share this article
 
 
ABSTRACT

Referees in sports games have a high level of responsibility as they have to make correct and appropriate decisions at any point during a match. Regarding referees’ decision-making (RDM) as a perceptual-cognitive process, evidence suggests that physical load might reduce cognitive performance and thus might reduce RDM performance as well. In consideration of increasing game dynamics, referees have to cope with high physical load, but they have to make correct and appropriate decisions further on. Here, we review the current state of research on the relationship between physical load and RDM. A scoping review was performed, in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, using the following databases: Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science (all databases), SURF and SPONET (both with an English and German search). Only primary studies written in English or German that investigated the relationship between physical load and RDM in sports games were included. Eleven studies included in the review investigated six physical parameters and RDM: match period, velocity, blood lactate, running time, heart rate, distance covered. Most findings of the studies showed no relationship between physical load and RDM (n = 18). Thirteen findings suggest a negative relationship and three findings indicate a positive relationship between physical load and RDM. Results of the scoping review show contradictory evidence across and within investigated different physical parameters. As RDM consists of multi-factorial components, it is recommended to conduct systematic research programs – field as well as experimental studies – to resolve the missing control of potential confounding variables and to consider the difference of internal and external load.

Key words: Performance, accuracy, stress, exertion, umpire, officiating


           Key Points
  • Officiating in sport games requires high-level decision-making under various constraints.
  • A scoping review was conducted on the relationship between physical load and RDM.
  • Most studies suggest that physical load is not or negatively correlated with RDM.
  • Conclusions, however, are limited due to the low internal validity of the included studies.
  • Systematic research programs with targeted isolated testing of the relationship between physical load and RDM are recommended.
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
    
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2019 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.