Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 390 - 396

Research article
Injuries in Male and Female Elite Aquatic Sports Athletes: An 8-Year Prospective, Epidemiological Study
Hyun Chul Kim1, Ki Jun Park2,3, 
Author Information
1 Department of Medicine and Science, Korean Sport & Olympic Committee, South Korea
2 Department of Special Education (Physical & Occupational Therapy), Dankook University, South Korea
3 Department of PHILLIP SRP, Sports club PHILLIP, South Korea

Ki Jun Park
‚úČ PhD Department of Special Education (physical & occupational therapy), Dankook University, Gyeonggi-do, Yongin-si, Suji-gu, Jukjeon-ro, 152, Education Hall, South Korea
Email: koc-pt@sports.or.kr
Publish Date
Received: 16-01-2020
Accepted: 11-03-2020
Published (online): 01-05-2020
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ABSTRACT

This study aimed to determine the injury patterns associated with training activities in elite South Korean aquatic sports athletes training for the Olympic Games. From 2012 to 2019, we prospectively collected data on elite aquatic sports athletes at the Korea National Training Center. The athletes were assessed by four sports medicine doctors, and data were stratified according to sex, aquatic style, injury body location, and injury severity. Chi-square tests were used to compare groups. Injury rates was expressed as rate ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Annually, the center hosts an average of 42 elite aquatic athletes spread over four aquatic styles. We recorded 797 injuries in total (annual average: 2.37 injuries/athlete), during training sessions, 57.1% of which were mild injuries. For all athletes, most injuries occurred in the upper limb (35.9%), followed by the lower limb (31.0%), the trunk (24.5%), and the head and neck (8.7%). Aquatic style significantly influenced injury body location and severity for both male and female athletes (injury body location: p < 0.001 and p < 0.010, respectively; injury severity: p = 0.027 and p < 0.001, respectively). In general, male and female athletes experienced a comparable risk of injury (rate ratio: 1.15; 95% confidence intervals: 0.53-2.46). Among the male and female South Korean elite aquatic athletes training for the Olympic Games, most injuries were mild and occurred in the upper limb, and aquatic style influenced injury body location and severity.

Key words: Sports injury, aquatic sports, South Korea, body region, sex differences


           Key Points
  • Injury patterns associated with training activities in elite aquatic sports athletes training for the Olympic Games have not been fully elucidated.
  • Aquatic style significantly influenced injury body location and severity for both male and female athletes.
  • Conceptualization and implementation of injury-prevention strategies are needed to prevent sports injuries in aquatic athletes.
 
 
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