Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 408 - 419

Review article
Psychological Assessment Tools Utilized in Sports Injury Treatment Outcomes Research: A Review
Joshua S. Everhart1, Kristie Harris2, Aaron Chafitz3, James C. Kirven3, Moneer Abouljoud3, Steven Schiele3, Charles Emery4, David C. Flanigan3, 
Author Information
1 Sports Medicine, The Cleveland Clinic, USA
2 Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
3 College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, USA
4 Department of Psychology, The Ohio State University, USA

David C. Flanigan
‚úČ M.D The Ohio State University Sports Medicine Center and Cartilage Restoration Program, 2835 Fred Taylor Dr, Columbus, OH 43202, USA
Email: David.flanigan@osumc.edu
Publish Date
Received: 15-08-2019
Accepted: 04-02-2020
Published (online): 01-05-2020
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ABSTRACT

The use of self-report psychological assessment tools in outcomes research has become increasingly frequent, though many sports medicine providers and researchers are unfamiliar with these instruments. We conducted a systematic search of the sports medicine literature in PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, and Google Scholar of studies published on or before November 1st, 2019. Included psychological self-assessment tools were limited to those in a written self-assessment format and were used in musculoskeletal sports injury or concussion treatment outcome studies. Both pre- or post-treatment psychological assessments were included. Thirty-four assessment scales of psychological factors were utilized across 152 sports injury treatment outcomes studies. Six assessment tools were utilized in 5 or more studies and the remaining 28 were utilized in 4 or fewer studies. Many of the utilized scales have adequate assessment and reporting of internal consistency reliability, supporting further reliability and validation studies for use in sports injury treatment outcomes research.

Key words: Psychological factors, sports injuries, assessment tools, systematic review


           Key Points
  • Thirty-four assessment scales of psychological factors were utilized across 152 sports injury treatment outcomes studies.
  • The use of psychological assessment tools in sports injury outcomes research has become increasingly common.
  • Many caregivers remain unfamiliar with these tools.
 
 
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