Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2020) 19, 670 - 680

Review article
CrossFit® Training Strategies from the Perspective of Concurrent Training: A Systematic Review
Petr Schlegel 
Author Information
Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education, University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic

Petr Schlegel
✉ Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Education, University of Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Email: petr.schlegel@gmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 15-05-2020
Accepted: 14-09-2020
Published (online): 01-12-2020
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ABSTRACT

In the basic principles of CrossFit®, the goal is to improve fitness, related to the simultaneous development of strength and endurance. This is also the main idea of concurrent training, which has been researched since the 1980s. This article aimed to analyze the acute and chronic effects of CrossFit® and to assess the relevance of using the concurrent training methodology. The findings show that CrossFit® is an intense form of exercise that affects the function of the endocrine, immune, and central nervous systems. It also has potential in the development of strength and endurance parameters. These conclusions were compared with relevant concurrent training studies. Although the CrossFit® interventions (workouts of the day) have much in common with concurrent training, methodological recommendations can only be partially transferred. The approach for training and athlete development must be based on the originality of this sport.

Key words: Performance, high intensity, concurrent exercise, training load


           Key Points
  • CrossFit® training is efficient in the development of strength and endurance in short-term and long-term programs.
  • Some concurrent training strategies are suitable for CrossFit® (application of HIIT and strength exercise; a combination of strength exercise with rowing, cycling or cross-country skiing; a ratio of strength and endurance exercise in the training program).
  • CrossFit® is sports discipline with unique training principles (using barbell conditioning; preparation for any combination of strength and endurance in one workout; a combination of Olympic weightlifting with other exercises; energy cost of locomotion in bodyweight and free weight exercises).
 
 
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