Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2002) 01, 1 - 14

Review article
Diabetes, Oxidative Stress and Physical Exercise
Mustafa Atalay , David E. Laaksonen
Author Information
Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, 70211 Kuopio, Finland

Mustafa Atalay
‚úČ Department of Physiology, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, 70211 Kuopio, Finland
Email: Mustafa.Atalay@uku.fi
Publish Date
Received: 01-02-2002
Accepted: 18-02-2002
Published (online): 04-03-2002
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ABSTRACT

Oxidative stress, an imbalance between the generation of reactive oxygen species and antioxidant defense capacity of the body, is closely associated with aging and a number of diseases including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes and diabetic complications. Several mechanisms may cause oxidative insult in diabetes, although their exact contributions are not entirely clear. Accumulating evidence points to many interrelated mechanisms that increase production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species or decrease antioxidant protection in diabetic patients. In modern medicine, regular physical exercise is an important tool in the prevention and treatment of diseases including diabetes. Although acute exhaustive exercise increases oxidative stress, exercise training has been shown to up regulate antioxidant protection. This review aims to summarize the mechanisms of increased oxidative stress in diabetes and with respect to acute and chronic exercise.

Key words: Diabetes, physical activity, antioxidants, reactive oxygen species


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