Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2004) 03, 106 - 117

Review article
Dietary Fat and Sports Nutrition: A Primer
Lonnie M. Lowery 
Author Information
Nutrition, Exercise and Wellness Associates, Cuyahoga Falls, OH, USA

Lonnie M. Lowery
✉ P.O. Box 228, Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44222, USA
Publish Date
Received: 04-06-2004
Accepted: 26-06-2004
Published (online): 01-09-2004
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The general public’s view of macronutrients has undergone sweeping changes in recent years. Dietary fats are a key example. Since the anti-fat health education initiatives of the 1980s and early 1990s, certain dietary fats have been increasingly recognized as actually beneficial to health. Athletes, like the mainstream populace, are now getting the message that wise dietary fat (triacylglycerol) choices offer essential fatty acids, blood lipid management, maintained endocrine and immune function, inflammation control, metabolic effects and even potential body composition and performance benefits. Toward this end, many companies now sell specialty dietary fat supplements and recognized health authorities have begun recommending them to certain populations. This review will cover data regarding the physiology, dietary needs, food sources, and potential benefits and risks most relevant to athletes. Practical suggestions for incorporating healthy fats will be made. Both food-source and supplemental intakes will be addressed with interrelationships to health throughout.

Key words: Dietary fat, triacylglycerol, fatty acids, metabolism, inflammation, recovery

           Key Points
  • Nutrition education initiatives over recent years have sent contrasting messages on dietary fat to the public.
  • Variations in chemical structure among triacylglycerols and their component fatty acids induce very different biological effects.
  • Manipulating fat as a percentage of total kcal affects athletes.
  • Athletes have special needs for which dietary fat may prove beneficial.
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