Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 04, 223 - 228

Research article
Personality Does not Influence Exercise-Induced Mood Enhancement Among Female Exercisers
Andrew M. Lane1, , Karen E. Milton1, Peter C. Terry2
Author Information
1 University of Wolverhampton, UK
2 University of Southern Queensland, Australia

Andrew M. Lane
‚úČ School of Sport, Performing Arts and Leisure, Univ. of Wolverhampton, Gorway Road, Walsall, WS1 3BD, UK.
Email: A.M.Lane2@wlv.ac.uk
Publish Date
Received: 18-01-2005
Accepted: 04-05-2005
Published (online): 01-09-2005
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ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the influence of personality on exercise-induced mood changes. It was hypothesised that (a) exercise would be associated with significant mood enhancement across all personality types, (b) extroversion would be associated with positive mood and neuroticism with negative mood both pre- and post-exercise, and (c) personality measures would interact with exercise-induced mood changes. Participants were 90 female exercisers (M = 25.8 yr, SD = 9.0 yr) who completed the Eysenck Personality Inventory (EPI) once and the Brunel Mood Scale (BRUMS) before and after a 60-minute exercise session. Median splits were used to group participants into four personality types: stable introverts (n = 25), stable extroverts (n = 20), neurotic introverts (n = 26), and neurotic extroverts (n = 19). Repeated measures MANOVA showed significant mood enhancement following exercise across all personality types. Neuroticism was associated with negative mood scores pre- and post-exercise but the effect of extroversion on reported mood was relatively weak. There was no significant interaction effect between exercise-induced mood enhancement and personality. In conclusion, findings lend support to the notion that exercise is associated with improved mood. However, findings show that personality did not influence this effect, although neuroticism was associated with negative mood.

Key words: Mood, exercise, personality, mental health, POMS, BRUMS, EPI


           Key Points
  • Research in general psychology has found that stable personality trait are associated changes in mood states. Ninety females exercisers completed a personality test and mood scales before and after exercise. Results indicated mood changes were not associated with personality, although neuroticism was associated with negative mood.
 
 
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