Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 04, 382 - 394

Research article
Emotional States of Athletes Prior to Performance-Induced Injury
Tracey J. Devonport1, , Andrew M. Lane1, Yuri L. Hanin2
Author Information
1 University of Wolverhampton, UK
2 Research Institute for Olympic Sports, Finland

Tracey J. Devonport
‚úČ School of Sport, Performing Arts, and Leisure, University of Wolverhampton, Gorway Road, Walsall, WSI 3BD.
Email: T.Devonport@wlv.ac.uk
Publish Date
Received: 26-02-2005
Accepted: 12-08-2005
Published (online): 01-12-2005
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ABSTRACT

Psychological states experienced by athletes prior to injured, best and worst performances were investigated retrospectively using a mixed methodology. Fifty-nine athletes volunteered to complete an individualized assessment of performance states based on the Individual Zones of Optimal fFunctioning (IZOF) model. A subsection (n = 30) of participants completed a standardized psychometric scale (Brunel Mood Rating Scale: BRUMS), retrospectively describing how they felt before best, worst, and injured performances. IZOF results showed similar emotion states being identified for injured and best performances. Analysis of BRUMS scores indicated a significant main effect for differences in mood by performance outcome, with post-hoc analyses showing best performance was associated with lower scores on depression and fatigue and higher vigor than injured performance and worst performance. Worst performance was associated with higher fatigue and confusion than injured performance. Results indicate that retrospective emotional profiles before injured performance are closer to successful performance, than unsuccessful, and confirm differences between successful and unsuccessful performance. Qualitative and quantitative approaches used to retrospectively assess pre-performance emotional states before three performance outcomes, produced complimentary findings. Practical implications of the study are discussed.

Key words: Emotion, mood, success, injury, measurement, performance


           Key Points
  • Psychological states experienced by athletes prior to injured, best and worst performances were investigated retrospectively using a mixed methodology.
  • Results indicate that retrospective emotional profiles before injured performance are closer to successful performance, than unsuccessful, and confirm differences between successful and unsuccessful performance, a finding that occurred using both methods.
  • Future research should further examine the emotional antecedents of injury and that applied sport psychologists recognize the potential risk of injury associated with emotional profiles typically linked with best performance.
 
 
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