Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 04, 499 - 519

Research article
A Three Dimensional Kinematic and Kinetic Study of the Golf Swing
Steven M. Nesbit 
Author Information
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA

Steven M. Nesbit
‚úČ Associate Professor and Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Lafayette College, Easton, PA, USA
Publish Date
Received: 20-05-2005
Accepted: 02-10-2005
Published (online): 01-12-2005
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This paper discusses the three-dimensional kinematics and kinetics of a golf swing as performed by 84 male and one female amateur subjects of various skill levels. The analysis was performed using a variable full-body computer model of a human coupled with a flexible model of a golf club. Data to drive the model was obtained from subject swings recorded using a multi-camera motion analysis system. Model output included club trajectories, golfer/club interaction forces and torques, work and power, and club deflections. These data formed the basis for a statistical analysis of all subjects, and a detailed analysis and comparison of the swing characteristics of four of the subjects. The analysis generated much new data concerning the mechanics of the golf swing. It revealed that a golf swing is a highly coordinated and individual motion and subject-to-subject variations were significant. The study highlighted the importance of the wrists in generating club head velocity and orienting the club face. The trajectory of the hands and the ability to do work were the factors most closely related to skill level.

Key words: Golf biomechanics, computer modeling, kinematics, kinetics

           Key Points
  • Full-body model of the golf swing.
  • Mechanical description of the golf swing.
  • Statistical analysis of golf swing mechanics.
  • Comparisons of subject swing mechanics
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