Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2005) 04, 95 - 104

Research article
Reliability and Validity Testing of an Archery Chronometer
Hayri Ertan1, , Behzat B. Kentel2, S. Turgut Tümer3, Feza Korkusuz1
Author Information
1 Middle East Technical University, Physical Education and Sports Department, Ankara, Turkey
2 Wolfson School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Loughborough University, UK
3 Middle East Technical University, Mechanical Engineering Department, Ankara, Turkey

Hayri Ertan
✉ Biodynamics Lab/Wenner-Gren Center for Biomedical, Engineering, Room 50, 600 Rose Street, Lexington, KY 40506-0070, USA
Publish Date
Received: 04-08-2004
Accepted: 24-02-2005
Published (online): 01-06-2005
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Keeping the arrow velocity constant during consecutive shots and responding to “clicker’s fall ”are considered to be an important feature of archery performance. A specially designed device called an archery chronometer was developed to measure the reaction time of an archer to clicker’s fall, arrow velocity, and external factors that may affect arrow velocity. The purposes of this study were to test (1) the validity of Clicker Reaction Time (CRT) measurer, and (2) the reliability of CRT in accordance with the Flying Time (FT)/Average Speed (AS), temperature (TEMP), wind speed (WS) and wind direction (WD) measurements. 20 elite archers participated in this study. The Reaction Time (RT), which was derived from EMG values and CRT from the archery chronometer were correlated to test the validity of the CRT measurer. The test re-test method was applied to test the reliability of archery chronometer. CRT scores were related with RT scores (r = .787, p < 0.01). The archery chronometer was valid in terms of predicting reaction time. The device was found to be reliable in measuring CRT, AS, FT, WS, WD, and TEMP. It was concluded that archery chronometer could be used for technical evaluation and enhancing ones shooting technique in archery.

Key words: Archery, electromyography (EMG), reaction time, muscular analysis

           Key Points
  • Clicker Reaction Time could be used as a predictor of Reaction Time in archery.
  • Archery Chronometer can be used for evaluating the archers’ shooting technique and the bow-arrow interaction.
  • Archery Chronometer can also be used as an indicator for ballistic flight of an arrow.
  • Archery Chronometer can be used by the coaches and the archers to evaluate and enhance shooting technique in the natural settings of their training environment.
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