Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2006) 05, 163 - 170

Research article, Young investigator
Long Term Effects of Different Training Modalities on Power, Speed, Skill and Anaerobic Capacity in Young Male Basketball Players
Mindaugas Balčiūnas1, Stanislovas Stonkus1, Catarina Abrantes2, Jaime Sampaio,2 
Author Information
1 Department of Sport Games, Lithuanian Academy of Physical Education, Kaunas, Lithuania
2 Sport Sciences Department, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal

Jaime Sampaio
✉ University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de Prados Ap. 202, 5001-911 Vila Real, Portugal.
Email: ajaime@utad.pt
Publish Date
Received: 18-04-2005
Accepted: 27-01-2006
Published (online): 01-03-2006
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of 4 months of different training modalities on power, speed, skill and anaerobic capacity in 15-16 year old male basketball players. Thirty five Lithuanian basketball players were randomly assigned into three groups: power endurance group (intermittent exercise, PE, n = 12), general endurance group (continuous exercise, GE, n = 11) and control group (regular basketball training, CG, n = 12). The power endurance model was based in basketball game external structure whereas the general endurance model was based in continuous actions that frequently occur during the basketball game. The training models were used for 16 weeks in sessions conducted 3 times a week during 90 minutes each in the competition period. The following tests were performed: 20 m speed run, Squat jump, Countermovement jump, Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST), 2 min. shooting test and the Shuttle ball-dribbling test. A 3×2 repeated measures ANOVA revealed no statistically significant differences in the 20 m speed run, Squat jump and Countermovement jump (p > 0.05). On the other hand, RAST showed significant increases in PE, with greater increases during the 5th and 6th runs. The PE training model also produced a significant improvement in the shuttle ball-dribbling test (48.7 ± 1.5 in the pretest, 45.5 ± 1.3 in the posttest, p < 0.05). Globally, our results suggest that both training modalities were able to maintain initial values of speed and power, however, the anaerobic capacity and skill increased only in the players from the power endurance group. Therefore, the power endurance training (intermittent high intensity exercise) may be more beneficial to prepare junior players according to the game cardiovascular and metabolic specific determinants.

Key words: Basketball, endurance, training modelling, young players


           Key Points
  • Power endurance training produced significant increases in anaerobic capacity during the competition period.
  • Power endurance training did not have a detrimental effect on power or speed performance during the competition period.
  • The greatest differences between general endurance and power endurance training were noticed during the 5 and 6 runs of the RAST test.
 
 
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