Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007) 06, 212 - 219

Research article
Efficacy of A Sports Specific Balance Training Programme on The Incidence of Ankle Sprains in Basketball
Elke Cumps1,, Evert Verhagen2, Romain Meeusen1, 
Author Information
1 Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Department of Human Physiology and Sports Medicine - Policy Research Center Sports, Physical Activity and Health, Belgium
2 Department of Public and Occupational Health, EMGO-Institute, VU University Medical Centre, The Netherlands

Romain Meeusen
✉ Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Faculty of Physical Education and Physical Therapy, Department of Human Physiology and Sports Medicine, Belgium.
Publish Date
Received: 26-02-2007
Accepted: 30-04-2007
Published (online): 01-06-2007
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The purpose of the study was to determine the efficacy of a 22- week prescribed sports specific balance training programme on the incidence of lateral ankle sprains in basketball players. A controlled clinical trial was set up. In total 54 subjects of six teams participated and were assigned to either an intervention (IG) or a control group (CG). The IG performed a prescribed balance training programme on top of their normal training routine, using balance semi-globes. The programme consisted of 4 basketball skills each session and its difficulty was progressively thought-out. The intervention lasted 22 weeks and was performed 3 times a week for 5 to 10 minutes. Efficacy of the intervention on the incidence of lateral ankle sprains was determined by calculating Relative Risks (RR, including their 95% Confidence Intervals or CI) and incidence rates expressed per 1000h. RR (95% CI) showed a significantly lower incidence of lateral ankle sprains in the IG compared to the CG for the total sample (RR= 0.30 [95% CI: 0.11-0.84]) and in men (RR= 0.29 [95% CI: 0.09-0.93]). The difference in RR was not confirmed when examining the incidence rates and their 95%CI’s, which overlapped. The risk for new or recurrent ankle sprains was slightly lower in the IG (new: RR= 0.76 [95% CI: 0.17-3.40]; re-injury: RR= 0.21 [95% CI: 0.03-1.44]). Based on these pilot results, the use of balance training is recommended as a routine during basketball activities for the prevention of ankle sprains.

Key words: Injury prevention, sports, proprioceptive training, ankle injury

           Key Points
  • We could not establish a true preventive effect of the training, most likely due to the low sample size.
  • Although not significant, large differences in incidence rates were found between the intervention and control group and relative risks showed a significant difference.
  • Our results were in line with previous results and therefore proprioceptive balance training should become a part of the training routine.
  • Concerning this study and the literature, proprioceptive balance training should last 5-15 minutes and should be performed 2 to 3 times a week.
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