Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
7025
Download
170
from September 2014
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007) 06, 50 - 57

Research article
Eating Attitudes, Perfectionism and Body-esteem of Elite Male Judoists and Cyclists
Edith Filaire,1 , Matthieu Rouveix1, Christelle Pannafieux2, Claude Ferrand3
Author Information
1 LAPSEP, UFRSTAPS Orléans, 2 allée du Château, Orléans Cedex, France
2 Pôle Espoirs Judo. 63 Cournon d’Auvergne,,
3 Centre de Recherche et d’Innovation sur le Sport, Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France

Edith Filaire
✉ LAPSEP, UFRSTAPS Orléans, 2 allée du Château, BP 6237, 45062 Orléans Cedex, France
Email: efilaire@nat.fr
Publish Date
Received: 14-11-2006
Accepted: 13-12-2006
Published (online): 01-03-2007
Share this article
 
 
ABSTRACT

This study tested the hypothesis that male athletes who feel pressured to maintain a specific body weight present an elevated risk of subclinical eating disorders. Twelve judoists (19.5 ± 0.5 yr), fifteen cyclists (21.2 ± 2.8 yr) and seventeen non- competitive students matched for BMI and used as controls (21.8 ± 1.8 yr) were studied using the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26). The Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Body Esteem Scale and the Profile of Mood States were also used to evaluate the relationships between eating disorders and psychological characteristics. Athletes completed the tests during their competitive period and controls completed the same scales at the same time. Scores obtained on EAT-26 differed significantly from the control group on EAT (p < 0.01), Dieting (p < 0.01), and Bulimia scores (p < 0.05). Sixty percent of the athletes used weight loss methods. Self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives and diet pills were reported by 4%, 10%, and 8.5% of them, respectively. Increasing exercise was the primary method used by controls to lose body weight. Athletes reported greater negative feelings about their physical appearance and their Body Weight Satisfaction than controls (p < 0.01, p < 0.05, respectively). Our results also showed that depression mood accounted for 73% of the variance in Bulimia scores and for 64% of the variance in Global EAT scores in athletes. Body-esteem Appearance and depression accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in Dieting scores. There was no difference in perfectionism and mood between athletes and controls. This study highlights that these athletes may tread a fine line between optimal competitive attitudes and detrimental health behaviors.

Key words: Eating behavior, male athletes, perfectionism, body esteem, mood


           Key Points
  • Prevalence of eating disorders has become a growing concern among athletic populations, but very little information is available concerning male athletes.
  • This study highlights that these athletes may tread a fine line between optimal competitive attitudes and detrimental health behaviors.
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
  
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2020 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.