Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007) 06, 34 - 38

Combat Sports Special Issue 2, Research article
The Relationship Between Body Composition and Anaerobic Performance of Elite Young Wrestlers
Selma Arzu Vardar , Selin Tezel, Levent Öztürk, Oktay Kaya
Author Information
Trakya University Faculty of Medicine, Departments of Physiology, Edirne, Turkey

Selma Arzu Vardar
✉ Trakya Universitesi Tıp Fakultesi, Fizyoloji Anabilim Dalı, 22030 Edirne, Turkiye
Email: arzuvardar@trakya.edu.tr
Publish Date
Received: 22-01-2007
Accepted: 06-09-2007
Published (online): 01-10-2007
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between body composition and anaerobic performance in young elite wrestlers. Method: Eight female (age = 16.2 ± 1.1 yrs) and 8 male (age = 17.3 ± 0.9 yrs) wrestlers from the Turkish cadet and junior national team participated in this study. Fat free mass (FFM) and percent fat mass (%FM) were carried out through electric bioimpedance. Anaerobic performance was assessed by the Wingate test (load was calculated as 0.090 kg x.kg-1 body mass). FFM was greater in male wrestlers [65.4 ± 12.3 (kg)] than female wrestlers (45.1 ± 4.6 (kg) p < 0.01). %FM was lower in male wrestlers (9.7 ± 6.3) than female wrestlers (18.5 ± 2.8; p < 0.01). Peak power was significantly higher in male wrestlers than female wrestlers (8.5 ± 1.0 W·kg-1 vs. 6.8 ± 0.6 W·kg-1; p < 0.01). Mean power was significantly correlated with FFM in both genders (r = 0.73 p < 0.05 in female; r= 0.90 p < 0.05 in male). No relationship was obtained between anaerobic parameters and %FM. In conclusion, our result demonstrated no association between anaerobic parameters and %FM. Wrestlers and their coaches should take into account FFM rather than %FM for higher anaerobic performance.

Key words: Fat free mass, performance, female wrestling, Wingate test, power


           Key Points
  • Mean power and fat free mass association was obtained from both genders.
  • Anaerobic performance parameters obtained from Wingate Test were positively associated with fat free mass but not % fat mass in elite young wrestlers.
  • % FM values were 18.5 in young female wrestlers, and it was 9.7 in male wrestlers.
 
 
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