Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2007) 06, 45 - 51

Combat Sports Special Issue 2, Research article
Taekwondo Techniques and Competition Characteristics Involved in Time-Loss Injuries
Konstantinos Beis1, Willy Pieter2, , George Abatzides1
Author Information
1 Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
2 Science University of Malaysia, Kelantan, Malaysia

Willy Pieter
✉ School of Health Sciences, Science University of Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
Email: yshin516@yahoo.com
Publish Date
Received: 15-01-2007
Accepted: 18-06-2007
Published (online): 01-10-2007
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to assess time-loss injuries in young and adult taekwondo athletes. Participants were 2739 children (11-13 years), Junior (14-17 years) and adult males and females (18 years and older) competing in the national Greek championships. Injury data were collected by project staff with all diagnoses made by the tournament physician. Odds ratios were computed as well as 95% confidence intervals around the injury rates. The female Juniors had a higher time-loss injury rate (Fisher’s Exact Test p = 0.033) than their adult counterparts. However, they were not at a higher risk of incurring a time-loss injury: OR = 0.143, 95% CI: 0.018-1.124. Collapsed over age, the females as a group recorded more time-loss injuries [11.36/1,000 A-E (95% CI: 6.25-16.47) versus 7.40/1,000 A-E (95% CI: 4.44-10.36)], but this was not significant (OR = 0.703, 95% CI: 0.383-1.293). In the Juniors, the boys only incurred time-loss injuries to the head and neck. There was no difference in the Junior girls in the distribution of time-loss injuries across body region, although they were at higher risk of sustaining an injury to the head and neck (OR = 1.510, 95% CI: 0.422-5.402) but this was not statistically significant. Although there were no statistical differences among age groups within gender, the Junior boys and girls (11-13 years) sustained more cerebral concussions. The Junior boys were at a higher risk of incurring a cerebral concussion than the boys (OR = 7.871, 95% CI: 0.917-67.583, Fisher’s Exact Test p = 0.036). In the males, there was no difference between the men and Junior boys in injury rate for swing kicks compared to other techniques (OR = 2.000, 95% CI = 0.397-28.416). There also was no difference between the men and boys (OR = 4.800, 95% CI: 0.141-58.013). To help reduce the incidence of time-loss injuries in taekwondo, especially cerebral concussions, it is suggested for coaches to emphasize blocking skills. Educating referees, coaches and athletes plays an important role in helping to reduce taekwondo time-loss injuries.

Key words: Martial arts, taekwondo, time-loss, Greek, injuries


           Key Points
  • The purpose of this study was to assess time-loss injuries in young and adult taekwondo athletes.
  • Collapsed over age, the females as a group recorded more time-loss injuries but this was not significant.
  • The Junior boys were at a higher risk of incurring a cerebral concussion than the boys.
  • To help reduce the incidence of time-loss injuries in taekwondo, especially cerebral concussions, it is suggested for coaches to emphasize blocking skills.
  • Educating referees, coaches and athletes plays an important role in helping to reduce taekwondo time-loss injuries.
 
 
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