Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2008) 07, 23 - 31

Research article
Peers’ Influence on Exercise Enjoyment: A Self-Determination Theory Approach
Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia1, , Maria López de San Román1, Celestina Martínez Galindo1, Néstor Alonso1, David González-Cutre2
Author Information
1 University of Murcia,
2 University of Almería, Spain

Juan Antonio Moreno Murcia
✉ Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, Universidad de Murcia, Parque Almansa, 30730 San Javier, Murcia, Spain
Email: morenomu@um.es
Publish Date
Received: 06-08-2007
Accepted: 31-10-2007
Published (online): 01-03-2008
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research was to study the influence of motivational climate perceived in peers and basic psychological needs (competence, autonomy and relatedness) on self-determined motivation and enjoyment in exercise. A sample comprised of 394 non- competitive physical exercisers, 156 women and 238 men aged between 16 and 54 (M = 21.64, SD = 7. 18), completed the Motivational Climate Perceived in Peers Scale, Scale of Motivational Mediators in Physical Activity, Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire-2 and Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale. A correlation analysis between the variables studied, a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation analysis were performed. The results showed that the task- involving peer motivational climate positively predicted the three basic psychological needs (competence, autonomy and relatedness). In turn, meeting the needs for competence and relatedness positively predicted self-determined motivation, which also positively predicted the enjoyment the exercisers had during the activity. There were no significant associations between the ego- involving peer motivational climate and psychological needs. A multisample analysis indicated that the model was invariant across age and degree of exercise involvement. This study reiterates the importance of increasing exercisers’ self-determined motivation in order to obtain more enjoyment and to be more committed to the exercise. Therefore, it is essential to foster perceptions of competence, autonomy and relatedness by means of a task-involving climate. The findings provide evidence for the importance of peer motivational climate in sports motivation.

Key words: Peer group, motivation, basic psychological needs, enjoyment


           Key Points
  • Task-involving peer motivational climate positively predicted the three basic psychological needs (competence, autonomy and relatedness). There were no significant associations between the ego-involving peer motivational climate and psychological needs.
  • Needs for competence and relatedness positively predicted self-determined motivation.
  • Self-determined motivation positively predicted enjoyment.
 
 
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