Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
5940
Download
170
from September 2014
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2008) 07, 335 - 343

Research article
Ventilation Behavior in Trained and Untrained Men During Incremental Test: Evidence of one Metabolic Transition Point
Flávio O. Pires1, , Adriano E. Lima-Silva1,2, Eduardo N. Oliveira1, Eduardo Rumenig-Souza1, Maria A.P.D.M. Kiss1
Author Information
1 School of Physical Education and Sport, São Paulo University, Brazil
2 School of Nutrition and Physical Education, Lutheran Educational Association, Brazil

Flávio O. Pires
✉ Mello Moraes Street, 65 – Cidade Universitária - Zip code: 05508-900 – São Paulo, Brazil
Email: piresfo@usp.br
Publish Date
Received: 15-02-2008
Accepted: 17-06-2008
Published (online): 01-09-2008
Share this article
 
 
ABSTRACT

This study aimed to describe and compare the ventilation behavior during an incremental test utilizing three mathematical models and to compare the feature of ventilation curve fitted by the best mathematical model between aerobically trained (TR) and untrained (UT) men. Thirty five subjects underwent a treadmill test with 1 km·h-1 increases every minute until exhaustion. Ventilation averages of 20 seconds were plotted against time and fitted by: bi-segmental regression model (2SRM); three-segmental regression model (3SRM); and growth exponential model (GEM). Residual sum of squares (RSS) and mean square error (MSE) were calculated for each model. The correlations between peak VO2 (VO2PEAK), peak speed (SpeedPEAK), ventilatory threshold identified by the best model (VT2SRM) and the first derivative calculated for workloads below (moderate intensity) and above (heavy intensity) VT2SRM were calculated. The RSS and MSE for GEM were significantly higher (p < 0.01) than for 2SRM and 3SRM in pooled data and in UT, but no significant difference was observed among the mathematical models in TR. In the pooled data, the first derivative of moderate intensities showed significant negative correlations with VT2SRM (r = -0.58; p < 0.01) and SpeedPEAK (r = -0.46; p < 0.05) while the first derivative of heavy intensities showed significant negative correlation with VT2SRM (r = -0. 43; p < 0.05). In UT group the first derivative of moderate intensities showed significant negative correlations with VT2SRM (r = -0.65; p < 0.05) and SpeedPEAK (r = -0.61; p < 0.05), while the first derivative of heavy intensities showed significant negative correlation with VT2SRM (r= -0.73; p< 0.01), SpeedPEAK (r = -0.73; p < 0.01) and VO2PEAK (r = -0.61; p < 0.05) in TR group. The ventilation behavior during incremental treadmill test tends to show only one threshold. UT subjects showed a slower ventilation increase during moderate intensities while TR subjects showed a slower ventilation increase during heavy intensities.

Key words: Ventilatory threshold, mathematical modeling, ventilatory responses, aerobic training status


           Key Points
  • The increase of ventilation during incremental exercise tends to show only one metabolic transition point.
  • The presence of a threshold process or a continuous process in ventilation during incremental exercise seems to be only a methodological matter.
  • The ventilatory efficiency can be employed to distinguish trained than untrained subjects once this index is associated with aerobic parameters. When analyzed the whole curve, trained subjects show a better ventilatory efficiency at heavy intensities and untrained subjects show a better ventilatory efficiency at moderate intensities.
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
  
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2020 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.