Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2008) 07, 425 - 430

Research article
Training-Level Induced Changes in Blood Parameters Response to On-Water Rowing Races
François Denis Desgorces,1,2 , Marc Testa1, Cyril Petibois3
Author Information
1 Unité de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences et Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France
2 IRMES, Institut de Recherche bioMédicale et d'Epidémiologie du Sport, Paris, France
3 Université Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2, CNRS UMR 5084, CNAB, Bordeaux, France

François Denis Desgorces
✉ UFR STAPS, 1 rue Lacretelle, 75015 Paris
Email: francois.desgorces@univ-paris5.fr
Publish Date
Received: 07-04-2008
Accepted: 28-05-2008
Published (online): 01-12-2008
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ABSTRACT

The study investigated blood markers allowing discriminating physiological responses to on-water rowing races, notably regarding training volume of athletes and race duration. College (COL) and national (NAT) rowers performed a 1000- or 2000-m race. Capillary blood samples obtained before and post-race allowed an analysis of a wide range of serum parameters. COL rowers had a lower rowing experience and training volume than NAT. Races induced a higher lactate concentration increase in NAT compared to COL (10.45 ± 0.45 vs 13.05 ± 0.60; p ¼ 0.001). Race distance (2000 vs. 1000 m) induced a higher increase in fatty acids (0.81 ± 0.31 vs +0.67 ± 0. 41; p ¼ 0.05) and triglycerides concentration in NAT (0.33 ± 0.07 vs 0.15 ± 0.09; p ¼ 0.01), but remained comparable between NAT and COL for the 1000-m races. Amino acids concentrations increased in NAT (0.19 ± 0.03, p ¼ 0.01), but urea concentration increased only for NAT rowers having performed the 2000-m race (0.72 ± 0.22, p ¼ 0.05). Transferrin concentration decreased after the 2000-m race (-0.60 ± 0.25, p ¼ 0.05), and concentration changes of haptoglobin differed between NAT2000 (tendency to be reduced) and COL (tendency to by enhanced) (p ¼ 0.05). Our results confirmed that the training level in rowing is associated with higher glycolysis utilization during maximal 1000- and 2000-m exercise and no difference for similarly trained subjects at these two distances. Our study also demonstrated that a 2000-m race could initiate fatty and amino-acid metabolisms in highly trained subjects. Therefore, these changes in blood parameter responses to a characteristic rowing exercise highlighted the importance of monitoring the physiological effects of training in sporting conditions and according to individual characteristics.

Key words: Energy metabolism, training, intensive exercise, endurance performance


           Key Points
  • Rowing races despite their short duration could initiate fatty and amino-acids metabolisms.
  • Effects of maximal exercise on metabolic blood parameters depend on individual capabilities, suggesting that the effects of exercise or training on a given blood parameter may be monitored relatively to individual maximal concentrations rather than by inter-individual comparison.
  • High training level may lead to marked disruption of homeostasis which could be easily reversed by high recovery capabilities.
 
 
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