Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2009) 08, 393 - 400

Research article
Effects of the Administration of Feedback on Performance of the Bmx Cycling Gate Start
Mikel Zabala1,2, , Cristóbal Sánchez-Muñoz1,2, Manuel Mateo2
Author Information
1 University of Granada, Granada, Spain
2 Spanish Cycling Federation, Madrid, Spain

Mikel Zabala
✉ Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of Granada, C/ Carretera Alfacar s/n, 18011. Spain
Publish Date
Received: 11-02-2009
Accepted: 09-06-2009
Published (online): 01-09-2009
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The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of the administration of external feedback (FB) on the time used to execute the gate start skill in BMX cycling discipline. The sample used was n = 6 riders from the Spanish national team (19.3 ± 2.1 years). An intragroup experimental design with repeated measures was used to compare the evolution of the skill developed by the participants before and after treatment, as well as the degree of retention of the possible learning. The results showed that there were no significant differences between the 2 first pre-test sessions (PRE), nor between any of the other treatment, post-test or re-test sessions (TREAT, POS and RET, respectively). Nevertheless, significant differences were observed between either of the PRE sessions and any of the TREAT, POS or RET sessions (p ≤ 0.028), showing a significant reduction of the time needed to perform this skill after TREAT (1.264 ± 0.045 ms in PRE, 1.047 ± 0.019 ms in POS, and 1.041 ± 0.021 ms in RET). In conclusion, the use of audiovisual FB and cognitive training of the skill can result in a significant improvement in the execution of the gate start in BMX reducing the time to develop the task.

Key words: BMX, cycling, gate start, feedback, motor learning

           Key Points
  • This work provides a practical application of many studies developed around teaching-learning technique in sport. In those studies this kind of applications were suggested as necessary.
  • All the recent theories are applied in the real sport context, and using elite athletes.
  • A successful program is proposed to be used by coaches and athletes just following a few simple guidelines, and this can be a really useful tool to follow.
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