Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2009) 08, 5 - 12

Combat Sports Special Issue 3, Review article
Giving Yourself a Good Beating: Appraisal, Attribution, Rumination, and Counterfactual Thinking
Mark A. Uphill , Katie Dray
Author Information
Canterbury Christ Church University, Department of Sport Science, Tourism, & Leisure, North Holmes Road, Canterbury, Kent, UK

Mark A. Uphill
✉ Canterbury Christ Church University, Department of Sport Science, Tourism, & Leisure, North Holmes Road, Canterbury, Kent, UK, CT1 1QU
Email: mark.uphill@canterbury.ac.uk
Publish Date
Received: 25-03-2008
Accepted: 12-08-2009
Published (online): 01-11-2009
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ABSTRACT

How individuals respond to adversity is one component of mental toughness and athletes may manage the adversity of a defeat in very different ways. In this article we focus on four types of cognition (appraisal, attribution, counterfactual thinking, and rumination) that athletes may exhibit in the immediate aftermath of a competitive defeat. In particular we define each of these terms and present a “caricature ”of each of the respective literatures, focussing on the prevailing trends and substantive findings. These caricatures assist in the identification of several areas in which literature on athletes’ retrospective cognition about defeat may be advanced. We use combat sports as a vehicle to illustrate our propositions.

Key words: Retrospective cognition, adversity, mental toughness, coping


           Key Points
  • Please provide 3-5 bullet points of the paper.
  • Little is known about how athletes psychologically manage adversity, a key component of mental toughness.
  • There is a great deal of conceptual overlap between four types of retrospective cognition (appraisal, attribution, rumination and counterfactual thinking) athletes may exhibit after defeat.
  • Rather than continue of examine these retrospective cognitions in isolation, there appears to be value in consideration of these constructs collectively to enhance theoretical parsimony.
 
 
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