Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 09, 154 - 160

Research article
Comparison of Plantar Pressure Distribution between Different Speed and Incline During Treadmill Jogging
I-Ju Ho1, Yi-You Hou1, Chich-Haung Yang3, Wen-Lan Wu1, Sheng-Kai Chen1,2, Lan-Yuen Guo1, 
Author Information
1 Kaohsiung Medical University,
2 Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
3 Tzu-Chi College of Technology, Hualien, Taiwan

Lan-Yuen Guo
✉ Department of Sports Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, TAIWAN 807
Publish Date
Received: 09-11-2009
Accepted: 21-01-2010
Published (online): 01-03-2010
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The aim of this study was to examine the effect of changes in speed and incline slope on plantar pressure distribution of the foot during treadmill jogging. Plantar pressure parameters were measured with the Pedar-X system in twenty healthy girls (mean age of 20.7 years, mean height of 1.60m, and a mean weight of 53.35kg). Because variations in walking speed or slope can significantly change the magnitude of plantar pressure, comparisons of plantar pressure distribution between the two independent protocols during treadmill jogging were considered in this study. First, the subjects ran at the same speed of 2 m·s-1 with different incline slopes of 0%, 5%, 10%, and 15%. Second, they ran on the same slope of 0% with different speeds of 1.5 m·s-1, 2.0 m·s-1, and 2.5 m·s-1. The peak pressure of the eight plantar surface areas, apart from the medial forefoot and the hallux, significantly increased (p < 0.05) with an increase of 33% of peak pressure from 1.5 m·s-1 to 2.5 m·s-1 (speed) at heel region. In contrast, the peak pressures at the heel, medial fore-foot, toe and hallux decreased significantly (p < 0. 05) with increasing incline slope. At the heel, peak pressure reduced by 27% from 0% to 15% incline, however, pressure at the lateral midfoot region increased as following. Different speeds and incline slopes during jogging were associated with changes in plantar pressures. By systematic investigation of foot kinematics and plantar pressure during jogging with varying incline slope and speed, the results of this study provided further insight into foot biomechanics during jogging.

Key words: Jogging, plantar pressure, incline, speed

           Key Points
  • The study aimed to compare the plantar pressure distribution of the foot between different incline and speed during treadmill jogging by using plantar insole measurement system.
  • With the increase of speed, apart from the hallux and medical forefoot, the peak pressure of all regions was raised significantly.
  • As the slope increased, there was reduced peak pressure of the heel, medial forefoot, and hallux and toes.
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