Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 09, 231 - 238

Research article
Motivational Cluster Profiles of Adolescent Athletes: An Examination of Differences in Physical-Self Perception
Emine Çağlar1, , F. Hülya Aşçı2
Author Information
1 Kırıkkale University, School of Physical Education and Sport, Kırıkkale, Turkey
2 Başkent University, Sport Sciences Department, Turkey

Emine Çağlar
✉ Kırıkkale University, School of Physical Education and Sport, Yahşihan, 71450, Kırıkkale, Turkey
Publish Date
Received: 12-01-2009
Accepted: 08-03-2010
Published (online): 01-06-2010
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The primary purpose of the present study was to identify motivational profiles of adolescent athletes using cluster analysis in non-Western culture. A second purpose was to examine relationships between physical self-perception differences of adolescent athletes and motivational profiles. One hundred and thirty six male (Mage = 17.46, SD = 1.25 years) and 80 female adolescent athletes (Mage = 17.61, SD = 1.19 years) from a variety of team sports including basketball, soccer, volleyball, and handball volunteered to participate in this study. The Sport Motivation Scale (SMS) and Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) were administered to all participants. Hierarchical cluster analysis revealed a four-cluster solution for this sample: amotivated, low motivated, moderate motivated, and highly motivated. A 4 x 5 (Cluster x PSPP Subscales) MANOVA revealed no significant main effect of motivational clusters on physical self-perception levels (p > 0.05). As a result, findings of the present study showed that motivational types of the adolescent athletes constituted four different motivational clusters. Highly and moderate motivated athletes consistently scored higher than amotivated athletes on the perceived sport competence, physical condition, and physical self-worth subscales of PSPP. This study identified motivational profiles of competitive youth-sport participants.

Key words: Motivational profile, cluster, adolescent athletes, physical self-perception

           Key Points
  • Highly motivated athletes have a tendency to perceive themselves competent in psychomotor domains as compared to the amotivated athletes
  • As the athletes feel more competent in psychomotor domain, they are more intrinsically motivated.
  • The information about motivational profiles of adolescent athletes could be used for developing strategies and interventions designed to improve the strength and quality of sport participants’ motivation.
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