Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 09, 388 - 392

Research article
Emotional Intelligence and Emotions Associated with Optimal and Dysfunctional Athletic Performance
Andrew M. Lane1, , Tracey J. Devonport1, Istvan Soos2, Istvan Karsai3, Eva Leibinger4, Pal Hamar4
Author Information
1 University of Wolverhampton, UK
2 University of Sunderland, UK
3 University of Pecs, Institute for Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hungary
4 Semmeilweis University, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hungary

Andrew M. Lane
‚úČ University of Wolverhampton, Gorway Road, Walsall, WSI 3BD, UK
Publish Date
Received: 08-01-2010
Accepted: 03-05-2010
Published (online): 01-09-2010
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This study investigated relationships between self-report measures of emotional intelligence and memories of pre-competitive emotions before optimal and dysfunctional athletic performance. Participant-athletes (n = 284) completed a self-report measure of emotional intelligence and two measures of pre-competitive emotions; a) emotions experienced before an optimal performance, and b) emotions experienced before a dysfunctional performance. Consistent with theoretical predictions, repeated MANOVA results demonstrated pleasant emotions associated with optimal performance and unpleasant emotions associated with dysfunctional performance. Emotional intelligence correlated with pleasant emotions in both performances with individuals reporting low scores on the self-report emotional intelligence scale appearing to experience intense unpleasant emotions before dysfunctional performance. We suggest that future research should investigate relationships between emotional intelligence and emotion-regulation strategies used by athletes.

Key words: Affect, emotion, stress-management, personality, effect regulation

           Key Points
  • Athletes reporting high scores of self-report emotional intelligence tend to experience pleasant emotions.
  • Optimal performance is associated with pleasant emotions and dysfunctional performance is associated with unpleasant emotions.
  • Emotional intelligence might help athletes recognize which emotional states help performance.
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