Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 09, 557 - 563

Research article
Effect of Exercise Intensity on Differentiated and Undifferentiated Ratings of Perceived Exertion During Cycle and Treadmill Exercise in Recreationally Active and Trained Women
Melinda R. Bolgar1, , Carol E. Baker2, Fredric. L. Goss2, Elizabeth Nagle2, Robert J. Robertson2
Author Information
1 Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, AL, USA
2 University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA

Melinda R. Bolgar
✉ 204-B Pete Mathews Coliseum, 700 Pelham Rd N, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, AL 36265, USA
Publish Date
Received: 26-04-2010
Accepted: 06-08-2010
Published (online): 01-12-2010
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The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of aerobic exercise intensity on components of the differentiated perceived exertion model in young women performing weight bearing and non-weight bearing aerobic exercise. Subjects were 18-25 yr old women who were recreationally active (n = 19; VO2max = 33.40 ml·kg-1·min-1) and trained (N = 22; VO2max = 43.3 ml·kg-1·min-1). Subjects underwent two graded exercise tests (GXT) on a treadmill and bike which were separated by 48 hours. RPE-Overall, -Legs, and -Chest, as well as oxygen uptake (VO2) and heart rate were recorded each minute. Individual regression analyses were used to identify RPE-Overall,-Legs, and -Chest at 40, 60, 80% VO2max/peak. Separate two factor (site (3) x intensity (3)) ANOVAs with repeated measures on site and intensity were computed for each training status. Furthermore, RPE responses were also examined with a one factor (site (3)) within subject ANOVA with repeated measure on site at the ventilatory breakpoint. For both the recreationally active and trained groups no significant differences were observed for RPE-Overall, -Legs, and -Chest during treadmill exercise. However, for cycling exercise results indicated that RPE-Legs was significantly greater at all exercise intensities than RPE-Overall and RPE-Chest for trained subjects while for recreationally active subjects RPE-Legs was only significantly higher at the highest exercise intensity. Responses at the ventilatory breakpoint during cycle exercise indicated that RPE-Legs was significantly greater than RPE-Chest and RPE-Overall for trained subjects but not for recreationally active subjects. Signal dominance was not observed at an intensity equivalent to the ventilatory breakpoint during treadmill exercise in either of the groups. In recreationally active and trained females signal dominance was demonstrated only during cycling exercise, but not during treadmill exercise. Signal integration could not be demonstrated during cycling and treadmill exercise at various intensities.

Key words: Aerobic exercise, physical exertion, oxygen consumption, physical fitness

           Key Points
  • RPE is a valid tool to track relative exercise intensity and can be applied as differentiated and undifferentiated responses regardless of training status.
  • RPE-Legs dominated the signal response in trained women during cycling exercise.
  • RPE-Legs, -Chest, and -Overall did not differ significantly in trained and recreationally active women during treadmill exercise.
  • RPE-Legs and -Chest contribute equally to the formation of RPE-Overall during cycling and treadmill exercise.
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