Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 09, 580 - 586

Research article
Cardiorespiratory Characteristics and Cholesterol Responses to a Single Session of Heavy Leg Press Exercise
Zoe K. Pafili , Gregory C. Bogdanis, Maria Maridaki
Author Information
University of Athens, Greece.

Zoe K. Pafili
✉ Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, 41 Ethnikis Antistasis Str, Daphne, 17237, Athens, Greece.
Publish Date
Received: 31-12-2009
Accepted: 7-9-2010
Published (online): 01-12-2010
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The effect of resistance exercise on blood lipids is not clear yet. The purpose of this study was to examine the cholesterol responses to a heavy resistance leg press exercise emphasizing on the eccentric movement 24 and 48 hours following exercise and to quantify the cardiorespiratory responses of the exercise bout in an attempt to clarify the exercise characteristics that may be responsible for the effects of heavy resistance exercise on blood lipids. Nine healthy, untrained male volunteers aged 27.2 ± 1.1 yrs (76.2 ± 2.5 kg, 1.79 ± 0.02 m) performed a session of heavy RE emphasizing on the eccentric movement consisting of eight sets of inclined leg presses at six repetition maximum with 3-min rest intervals. Venous blood samples were obtained at rest (control) and 24 and 48 hours following exercise. Average VO2 at rest was 4.0 ± 0.4 ml·min−1·kg−1, during exercise 19.6 ± 0.2 ml·min−1·kg−1 and during the 180 sec recovery period between sets 12.5 ± 0.2 ml·min−1·kg−1. RER values decreased with the progression of the exercise and were significantly lower during the last four sets compared with the first four sets of the exercise session. Resting heart rate was 67 ± 2 bpm, and maximum heart rate during exercise was 168 ± 1 bpm. Serum creatine kinase was significantly elevated on day 1 (1090 ± 272 U·L−1, p < 0.03) and peaked on day 2 (1230 ± 440 U·L−1 p < 0. 01). Total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and calculated LDL cholesterol concentration did not change significantly following with exercise. This protocol of heavy resistance exercise has no effect on TC or cholesterol sub-fraction concentration 24 and 48 hours following exercise which may be due to the low energy expenditure of the exercise and/or to the gender of the participants.

Key words: Muscle damage, energy expenditure, total cholesterol, HDL, oxygen uptake.

           Key Points
  • Repeated sets of heavy resistance exercise significantly increase oxygen uptake both during exercise and the following recovery period.
  • Even though exercise was of low volume (8 sets x 6 repetitions) the elevated oxygen uptake during the rest intervals in combination with the total exercise session duration (26 min) resulted in aerobic energy expenditure that is equivalent to low to moderate intensity cycling.
  • Leg press resistance exercise emphasizing on the eccentric movement that caused muscle damage had no effect on total cholesterol, HDL-C and LDL-C during the two days following exercise in young healthy male subjects.
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