Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 09, 8 - 14

Research article
Prediction of Sport Adherence Through the Influence of Autonomy-Supportive Coaching Among Spanish Adolescent Athletes
Bartolomé J. Almagro1, , Pedro Sáenz-López1, Juan A. Moreno2
Author Information
1 Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Huelva, Spain
2 Faculty of Sociosanitary Sciences, Miguel Hernández University of Elche, Spain

Bartolomé J. Almagro
✉ Faculty of Educational Sciences, University of Huelva, Spain.
Email: almagro@dempc.uhu.es
Publish Date
Received: 16-09-2009
Accepted: 03-11-2009
Published (online): 01-03-2010
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to test a motivational model of the coach-athlete relationship, based on self-determination theory and on the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The sample comprised of 608 athletes (ages of 12-17 years) completed the following measures: interest in athlete's input, praise for autonomous behavior, perceived autonomy, intrinsic motivation, and the intention to be physically active. Structural equation modeling results demonstrated that interest in athletes' input and praise for autonomous behavior predicted perceived autonomy, and perceived autonomy positively predicted intrinsic motivation. Finally, intrinsic motivation predicted the intention to be physically active in the future. The results are discussed in relation to the importance of the climate of autonomy support created by the coach on intrinsic motivation and adherence to sport by adolescent athletes. Further, the results provide information related to the possible objectives of future interventions for the education of coaches, with the goal of providing them with tools and strategies to favor the development of intrinsic motivation among their athletes. In conclusion, the climate of autonomy support created by the coach can predict the autonomy perceived by the athletes which predicts the intrinsic motivation experienced by the athletes, and therefore, their adherence to athletic practice.

Key words: Autonomy support, perceived autonomy, intrinsic motivation, sport adherence.


           Key Points
  • Importance of the climate of autonomy support created by the coach on intrinsic motivation and adherence to sport by adolescent athletes.
  • Interest in athletes' input and praise for autonomous behavior predicted perceived autonomy, and perceived autonomy positively predicted intrinsic motivation.
  • Intrinsic motivation predicted the intention to be physically active in the future.
 
 
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