Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2011) 10, 137 - 144

Research article
Self-Generated Coping Strategies Among Muslim Athletes During Ramadan Fasting
Jolly Roy1, , Ooi Cheong Hwa1, Rabindarjeet Singh2, Abdul Rashid Aziz3, Chai Wen Jin1
Author Information
1 National Sports Institute of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
2 Advanced Medical and Dental Institute, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
3 Singapore Sports Institute, Singapore Sports Council, Singapore

Jolly Roy
‚úČ Senior Psychologist, Sports Psychology Centre, National Sports Institute of Malaysia (ISN), Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Publish Date
Received: 10-05-2010
Accepted: 26-11-2010
Published (online): 01-03-2011
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The study explored the self-generated coping strategies employed by Muslim athletes from South East Asian region during the Ramadan fasting month. Sixty-five National elite Muslim athletes responded to an open-ended question on coping strategies employed during Ramadan fasting. Inductive content analysis identified five general dimensions from 54 meaning units which were abstracted into 14 first-order themes and 10 second order themes. The general dimension included four problem-focused coping: training modifications, dietary habits, psychological, rest and recovery, and one emotion-focused coping i.e., self- control. The coping strategies employed were diverse and dynamic in nature and no specific pattern was evident. The most frequently employed strategies were associated with training and dietary habits. Emotion focused coping was the least frequently used by the athletes.

Key words: Ramadan, training, competition, psychological coping, self-control, habit

           Key Points
  • Muslim athletes employ diverse self -generated coping strategies during Ramadan fasting which can be categorized as anticipatory coping, preventative coping and proactive coping.
  • Frequently employed coping strategies are task focused such as training modifications and adjustments in dietary habits.
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