Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2011) 10, 164 - 168

Research article
Higher Precision of Heart Rate Compared with VO2 to Predict Exercise Intensity in Endurance-Trained Runners
Victor M. Reis1,2, , Roland Van den Tillaar2, Mario C. Marques2,3
Author Information
1 Department of Sport Sciences, Exercise & Health, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
2 Research Center in Sport, Health & Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal
3 Department of Sport Sciences, University of Beira Interior, Portugal.

Victor M. Reis
✉ Rua Dr. Manuel Cardona/CIFOP, 5000-558, Vila Real, Portugal
Email: vreis@utad.pt
Publish Date
Received: 28-09-2010
Accepted: 25-11-2010
Published (online): 01-03-2011
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ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to assess the precision of oxygen uptake with heart rate regression during track running in highly-trained runners. Twelve national and international level male long-distance road runners (age 30.7 ± 5.5 yrs, height 1.71 ± 0.04 m and mass 61.2 ± 5.8 kg) with a personal best on the half marathon of 62 min 37 s ± 1 min 22 s participated in the study. Each participant performed, in an all-weather synthetic track five, six min bouts at constant velocity with each bout at an increased running velocity. The starting velocity was 3.33 m·s-1 with a 0.56 m·s-1 increase on each subsequent bout. VO2 and heart rate were measured during the runs and blood lactate was assessed immediately after each run. Mean peak VO2 and mean peak heart rate were, respectively, 76.2 ± 9.7 mL·kg-1·min-1 and 181 ± 13 beats·min-1. The linearity of the regressions between heart rate, running velocity and VO2 were all very high (r > 0.99) with small standard errors of regression (i.e. Sy.x < 5% at the velocity associated with the 2 and 4 mmol·L-1 lactate thresholds). The strong relationships between heart rate, running velocity and VO2 found in this study show that, in highly trained runners, it is possible to have heart rate as an accurate indicator of energy demand and of the running speed. Therefore, in this subject cohort it may be unnecessary to use VO2 to track changes in the subjects’ running economy during training periods.

Key words: Running velocity, internal load, relationships, standard error


           Key Points
  • Heart rate is used in the control of exercise intensity in endurance sports.
  • However, few studies have quantified the precision of its relationship with oxygen uptake in highly trained runners.
  • We evaluated twelve elite half-marathon runners during track running at various intensities and established three regressions: oxygen uptake / heart rate; heart rate / running velocity and oxygen uptake / running velocity.
  • The three regressions presented, respectively, imprecision of 4,2%, 2,75% and 4,5% at the velocity associated with the 4 mmol·L threshold.
  • The results of the present study show that, in highly trained runners, it is possible to use heart rate as an accurate index of the external work rate during sub maximal running speeds.
 
 
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