Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2011) 10, 452 - 457

Research article
Comparison of the Traditional, Swing, and Chicken Wing Volleyball Blocking Techniques in NCAA Division I Female Athletes
Taubi J. Neves1, , Wayne A. Johnson2, J. William Myrer2, Matthew K. Seeley2
Author Information
1 Utah State University, Athletics Department, Logan, UT, USA
2 Brigham Young University, Department of Exercise Sciences, Provo, UT, USA

Taubi J. Neves
✉ Utah State University, Athletics Department, 7200 Old Main Hill, Logan, UT, USA
Publish Date
Received: 01-03-2011
Accepted: 30-05-2011
Published (online): 01-09-2011
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In volleyball, blocking is highly correlated with team success. The identification of specific techniques that produce a more successful block would be helpful knowledge for coaches and players. This study compared the traditional, swing, and “chicken wing” blocking techniques in combination with the running step footwork pattern in order to determine which technique enabled athletes to perform a more effective block. High-speed videography (7 cameras, Vicon Motion Analysis System) was used to capture the blocking movements of thirteen female NCAA Division I athletes (age = 19.4 ± 1.19 years, height = 1.82 ± 0.08 m, mass = 70.63 ± 7.96 kg, and years of participation at the collegiate level = 2.23 ± 1.17 years). Each player was familiar with each blocking technique. Reflective markers were placed on the players and in randomized order the players performed 3 blocking trials of each technique. The following dependent variables were assessed: The time it took the athletes to get off the ground and get their hands above (vertically) the net was calculated. The distance the hand reached over the net or hand penetration (displacement between the net and finger in the anterior and vertical planes) was also measured. Lastly, jump height was calculated. Repeated measures ANOVA and post-hoc comparisons were done (α = 0.05). There was no significant difference in the main effect for time to get off the ground (p > 0.05). There was a significant difference in the time to get the hands above the net (p < 0.05). The swing block was best for jump height (p <.001) and hand penetration (p < 0.05). These results can help coaches and players decide which blocking technique will benefit them most as a blocking team and as individual blockers.

Key words: Motion analysis, counter- movement, volleyball defense.

           Key Points
  • The swing blocking technique resulted in greater jump heights and increased hand penetration, relative to the traditional and chicken wing blocking techniques.
  • The chicken wing blocking technique resulted in greater jump heights and increased hand penetration, relative to the traditional blocking technique.
  • The traditional blocking technique does not appear to provide any competitive advantage related to the variables observed during this study: (1) duration spent getting off of the ground and placing hands over the net, (2) jump height, and (3) hand penetration magnitude.
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