Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2011) 10, 472 - 477

Research article
A Low-Cost Contact System to Assess Load Displacement Velocity in a Resistance Training Machine
Bernat Buscà , Anna Font
Author Information
Faculty of Psychology, Education Sciences and Sport Blanquerna - Ramon Llull University, Barcelona, Spain

Bernat Buscà
✉ FPCEE Blanquerna. c/ Císter, 34, 08022 Barcelona, Spain
Publish Date
Received: 02-03-2011
Accepted: 05-06-2011
Published (online): 01-09-2011
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This study sought to determine the validity of a new system for assessing the displacement and average velocity within machine-based resistance training exercise using the Chronojump System. The new design is based on a contact bar and a simple, low-cost mechanism that detects the conductivity of electrical potentials with a precision chronograph. This system allows coaches to assess velocity to control the strength training process. A validation study was performed by assessing the concentric phase parameters of a leg press exercise. Output time data from the Chronojump System in combination with the pre-established range of movement was compared with data from a position sensor connected to a Biopac System. A subset of 87 actions from 11 professional tennis players was recorded and, using the two methods, average velocity and displacement variables in the same action were compared. A t-test for dependent samples and a correlation analysis were undertaken. The r value derived from the correlation between the Biopac System and the contact Chronojump System was >0.94 for all measures of displacement and velocity on all loads (p < 0.01). The Effect Size (ES) was 0.18 in displacement and 0.14 in velocity and ranged from 0.09 to 0.31 and from 0.07 to 0.34, respectively. The magnitude of the difference between the two methods in all parameters and the correlation values provided certain evidence of validity of the Chronojump System to assess the average displacement velocity of loads in a resistance training machine.

Key words: Velocity, testing, strength training, speed events.

           Key Points
  • The assessment of speed in resistance machines is a valuable source of information for strength training.
  • Many commercial systems used to assess velocity, power and force are expensive thereby preventing widespread use by coaches and athletes.
  • The system is intended to be a low-cost device for assessing and controlling the velocity exerted on each repetition in any resistance training machine.
  • The system could be easily adapted in any vertical displacement barbell exercise.
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