Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2011) 10, 534 - 539

Research article
Influence Of Opposition On Ball Velocity In The Handball Jump Throw
Jesús Rivilla-Garcia1, , Ignacio Grande1, Javier Sampedro1, Roland Van Den Tillaar2,3
Author Information
1 Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain
2 Health and Human Development, Vila Real, Portugal
3 Department of Teacher Education and Sports of Sogn and Fjordane University College, Norway

Jesús Rivilla-Garcia
✉ Department of Sports, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Polytechnic University of Madrid, Spain
Email: esus.rivilla@upm.es
Publish Date
Received: 18-03-2011
Accepted: 15-07-2011
Published (online): 01-09-2011
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence of different degrees of opposition on ball velocity in the jump throw in elite, amateur and adolescent team handball players. Thus, one hundred and nineteen elite, amateur and under 18 team handball players performed jump throws under three different conditions: 1) without opposition, 2) with the opposition of the goalkeeper and 3) with the opposition of the goalkeeper and a defensive player. The degree of opposition was found to have a negative effect on ball velocity in all three groups (p < 0.001). Furthermore, the level of competition had a positive effect on ball velocity (p < 0.001). However, no interaction was found between the level of competition and the degree of opposition on ball velocity (p = 0.178). The findings of this study indicate that an increase of external stimuli probably influences throwing kinematics and thereby maximal ball velocity. However, experience does not seem to be a factor that can reduce the influence of these external stimuli.

Key words: Team handball, jump throw, ball velocity, defence


           Key Points
  • The degree of opposition had a negative effect upon ball throwing velocity in elite, amateur and adolescent handball players in the jump throw.
  • It indicated that an increase of external stimuli influences the execution of throwing.
  • Experience does not seem to be a factor that can reduce the influence of these external stimuli.
 
 
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