Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2011) 10, 725 - 730

Research article
Effect of Different Levels of Localized Muscle Fatigue on Knee Position Sense
William S. Gear 
Author Information
Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Minnesota Duluth, Duluth, MN, USA

William S. Gear
✉ Department of Health, Physical Education and Recreation, University of Minnesota Duluth, 1216 Ordean Court, 105 SpHC, Duluth, MN 55812, USA
Email: wgear@d.umn.edu
Publish Date
Received: 20-08-2011
Accepted: 14-10-2011
Published (online): 01-12-2011
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ABSTRACT

There is little information available regarding how proprioceptive abilities decline as the amount of exertion increases during exercise. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of different levels of fatigue on knee joint position sense. A repeated measures design was used to examine changes in active joint reposition sense (AJRS) prior to and following three levels of fatigue. Eighteen participants performed knee extension and flexion isokinetic exercise until torque output was 90%, 70%, or 50% of the peak hamstring torque for three consecutive repetitions. Active joint reposition sense at 15, 30, or 45 degrees was tested following the isokinetic exercise session. Following testing of the first independent measure, participants were given a 20 minute rest period. Testing procedures were repeated for two more exercise sessions following the other levels of fatigue. Testing of each AJRS test angle was conducted on three separate days with 48 hours between test days. Significant main effect for fatigue was indicated (p = 0.001). Pairwise comparisons indicated a significant difference between the pre-test and following 90% of peak hamstring torque (p = 0.02) and between the pre-test and following 50% of peak hamstring torque (p = 0.02). Fatigue has long been theorized to be a contributing factor in decreased proprioceptive acuity, and therefore a contributing factor to joint injury. The findings of the present study indicate that fatigue may have an effect on proprioception following mild and maximum fatigue.

Key words: Proprioception, fatigue, isokinetic


           Key Points
  • A repeated measures design was used to examine the effect of different levels of fatigue on active joint reposition sense (AJRS) of the knee at joint angles of 15°, 30° and 45° of flexion.
  • A statistically significant main effect for fatigue was found, specifically between no fatigue and mild fatigue and no fatigue and maximum fatigue.
  • A statistically significant interaction effect between AJRS and fatigue was not found.
  • Secondary analysis of the results indicated a potential plateau effect of AJRS as fatigue continues to increase.
  • Further investigation of the effect of increasing levels of fatigue on proprioception is warranted.
 
 
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