Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2012) 11, 489 - 494

Research article
The Effect of Regular Exercise Training During Pregnancy on Postpartum Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity, a Measure of Arterial Stiffness
Ikuno Kawabata1, , Akihito Nakai1, Atsuko Sekiguchi1, Yuko Inoue2, Toshiyuki Takeshita1
Author Information
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan
2 Inoue Ladies Clinic, Tokyo, Japan

Ikuno Kawabata
✉ Tama Nagayama Hospital Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Nippon Medical School, 1-7-1 Nagayama, Tama-City, Tokyo 206-8512, Japan
Email: ikawabata8512@nms.ac.jp
Publish Date
Received: 21-02-2012
Accepted: 06-06-2012
Published (online): 01-09-2012
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ABSTRACT

The aim of our study was to use brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) measurements to noninvasively assess the effect of exercise training on arterial stiffness in normal pregnant women. Arterial stiffness was assessed at the beginning of the early second trimester of pregnancy and 1 month after delivery in 17 women with normal singleton pregnancies who exercised regularly throughout pregnancy: 81 matched controls were used for comparison. No significant differences were observed in baPWV between the exercise and control groups at the beginning of the second trimester. BaPWV 1 month after delivery (1160.2 ± 109.1 cm·second-1) was signifi-cantly higher than that in the early second trimester (1116.7 ± 87.9 cm·second-1) in the control group (indicating increased arterial stiffness), but not in the exercise group (1145.9 ± 88.1 cm/second vs 1122.7 ± 100.2 cm·second-1, respectively: not significant). The results indicated that regular maternal exercise training decreased arterial stiffness in normal pregnant women, which suggests that regular exercise may help prevent hypertensive disorders during pregnancy.

Key words: Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity, maternal exercise training, arterial stiffness


           Key Points
  • Regular maternal exercise training decreased arterial stiffness in normal pregnant women, which suggests that regular exercise may help prevent hypertensive disorders during pregnancy.
  • Maternal exercise suggests that disturbances in arterial function during pregnancy may be prevented by regular exercise.
 
 
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