Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2012) 11, 502 - 509

Research article
Notational Analysis of European, World, and Olympic BMX Cycling Races
Manuel Mateo-March1,2, , Cristina Blasco-Lafarga3, Dominic Doran4, Rubén C. Romero-Rodríguez5, Mikel Zabala1,5
Author Information
1 Spanish Cycling Federation, Madrid, Spain
2 University Miguel Hernández of Elche, Alicante, Spain
3 Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Valencia, Spain
4 Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, UK
5 Department of Physical Education and Sport, University of Granada, Spain

Manuel Mateo-March
✉ C/ Espronceda 14, bajo F. San Vicente del Raspeig 03690, Alicante, Spain
Publish Date
Received: 09-02-2012
Accepted: 14-06-2012
Published (online): 01-09-2012
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The objectives of this study were 1) to describe the technical requirements of different tracks where classifying points are disputed for the Olympics as the European continent tracks (E), world championship competitions tracks (W), and Olympic Games track - Beijing, 2008- (O); and 2) to compare and establish differences or similarities between the three previous contexts. The sample used for this study was made of the 8 best qualifying male athletes from each competition (n = 48) during the 2007 and 2008 seasons (pre-Olympic and Olympic years). A descriptive design was used, based on systematic structured observation of the competitions filmed on video, paying attention to the different techniques used (overtaking skills, complete pedalling cycles and registered effort times). The results show that aerial techniques predominate over non aerial techniques on O and W type tracks more than on E tracks by ~20% (p < 0.001), pedaling cycles predominate in E vs. W and O by 11.85 and 24.23% respectively (p ≤ 0.05), and effort times predominate in O vs. W and E by 6.50 and 12.94% respectively (p ≤ 0.01). In conclusion, O and W tracks stand out because of the aerial component and greater technical complexity in comparison to E tracks, which has a decisive effect on the way the riders train in relation to the type of championship they aim to compete in.

Key words: Skills, track, competition, performance, notational analysis

           Key Points
  • European tracks involve more non aerial techniques than world and Olympic tracks, respectively; more non aerial techniques are associated with more pedaling effort time.
  • Bicycle motocross cyclists develop greater values of aerial Techniques in World and Olympic tracks compared with the European tracks and, consequently, reduced non aerial techniques.
  • European tracks involve less technical jumps but more simple jumps. World tracks involve more technical jumps than European and Olympic tracks, but Olympic track jumps, despite being less in number, are more difficult and decisive than the rest.
  • Olympic and World class tracks involve less physical demand than European tracks because of the greater technical requirements and less pedaling cycles.
  • Training should be developed according to the objectives established for each athlete taking into account the type of track in which the competition is going to take place.
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