Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2012) 11, 606 - 613

Research article
Differences between the Vastus Lateralis and Gastrocnemius Lateralis in the Assessment Ability of Breakpoints of Muscle Oxygenation for Aerobic Capacity Indices During an Incremental Cycling Exercise
Bangde Wang1,2, Guodong Xu3,4, Qingping Tian1,2, Jinyan Sun1,2, Bailei Sun1,2, Lei Zhang1,2, Qingming Luo1,2, Hui Gong1,2, 
Author Information
1 Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics,
2 Key Laboratory of Biomedical Phototonics of Ministry of Education, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
3 School of Physical Education, Jianghan University, Wuhan, P.R.China
4 College of Health Science, Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, Wuhan, China

Hui Gong
‚úČ Britton Chance Center for Biomedical Photonics, Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Email: huigong@mail.hust.edu.cn
Publish Date
Received: 09-05-2012
Accepted: 17-07-2012
Published (online): 01-12-2012
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ABSTRACT

In recent years, breakpoints (Bp) of muscle oxygenation have been measured in local muscles using near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) to assess (predict) systemic aerobic capacity indices [lactate threshold (LT), gas exchange threshold (GET) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2peak)]. We investigated muscular differences in the assessment (predictive) ability of the Bp of muscle oxygenation for aerobic capacity indices during incremental cycling exercise on the aerobic capacity indices. Thirty-one active college students were recruited for an incremental cycling exercise test, during which NIRS muscle oxygenation in the vastus lateralis (VL) and gastrocnemius lateralis (GL), blood lactate concentration and cardiopulmonary variables were measured simultaneously in a multi-modality approach. A linear regression model was used to analyse the relationship between the Bp of the muscle oxygenation index (OI) and the systemic aerobic capacity indices. The Bp of the muscle OI in both the VL (BpVL) and GL (BpGL) were significantly correlated with the aerobic capacity indices. Additionally, the BpVL had a better goodness-of-fit [higher coefficient of determination (R2, p < 0.001) and lower root mean squared error (RMSE, p < 0.03)] in the linear regressions and occurred earlier than the BpGL. In conclusion, both the BpVL and the BpGL could be measured by NIRS to assess the systemic aerobic capacity indices; however, there were muscular differences in the assessment ability of the Bp of muscle oxygenation.

Key words: Maximal incremental exercise test, aerobic capacity index, assessment ability, near infrared spectroscopy, linear regression.


           Key Points
  • The breakpoints (Bp) of muscle oxygenation index in both vastus lateralis (VL) and gastrocnemius lateralis (GL) could be detected to indicate the breaking up of the oxygen supply-consumption balance by NIRS.
  • The Bp of muscle oxygenation index in both VL (BpVL) and GL (BpGL) were significantly correlated with the systemic aerobic capacity indices.
  • The BpVL owned higher assessment (predictive) ability when the Bp (BpVL and BpGL) of muscle oxygenation index was used to assess (predict) systemic aerobic capacity indices.
 
 
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