Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2012) 11, 682 - 689

Research article
Comparison of Temporal Parameters of Swimming Rescue Elements When Performed Using Dolphin and Flutter Kick with Fins - Didactical Approach
Marek Rejman1, , Wojciech Wiesner2, Piotr Silakiewicz3, Andrzej Klarowicz1, J. Arturo Abraldes4
Author Information
1 Department of Swimming, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland
2 Department of Leisure, University School of Physical Education, Wroclaw, Poland
3 Department of Swimming and Lifesaving, University School of Physical Education, Biała Podlaska, Poland
4 Department of Physical Activity and Sports, Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Murcia, Spain.

Marek Rejman
✉ Department of Swimming, University School of Physical Education, ul. Paderewskiego 35, 51-612 Wroclaw, Poland
Publish Date
Received: 25-11-2011
Accepted: 17-09-2012
Published (online): 01-12-2012
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The aim of this study was an analysis of the time required to swim to a victim and tow them back to shore, while perfoming the flutter-kick and the dolphin-kick using fins. It has been hypothesized that using fins while using the dolphin-kick when swimming leads to reduced rescue time. Sixteen lifeguards took part in the study. The main tasks performed by them, were to approach and tow (double armpit) a dummy a distance of 50m while applying either the flutter-kick, or the dolphin-kick with fins. The analysis of the temporal parameters of both techniques of kicking demonstrates that, during the approach to the victim, neither the dolphin (tmean = 32.9s) or the flutter kick (tmean = 33.0s) were significantly faster than the other. However, when used for towing a victim the flutter kick (tmean = 47.1s) was significantly faster when compared to the dolphin-kick (tmean = 52.8s). An assessment of the level of technical skills in competitive swimming, and in approaching and towing the victim, were also conducted. Towing time was significantly correlated with the parameter that linked the temporal and technical dimensions of towing and swimming (difference between flutter kick towing time and dolphin-kick towing time, 100m medley time and the four swimming strokes evaluation). No similar interdependency has been discovered in flutter kick towing time. These findings suggest that the dolphin-kick is a more difficult skill to perform when towing the victim than the flutter-kick. Since the hypothesis stated was not confirmed, postulates were formulated on how to improve dolphin-kick technique with fins, in order to reduce swimming rescue time.

Key words: Swimming, lifesaving, dolphin kick, fins, rescue tow

           Key Points
  • The source of reduction of swimming rescue time was researched.
  • Time required to approach and to tow the victim while doing the flutter kick and the dolphin-kick with fins was analyzed.
  • The propulsion generated by dolphin-kick did not make the approach and tow faster than the flutter kick.
  • More difficult skill to realize of dolphin-kick than the flutter-kick was postulated.
  • The criteria for how improve dolphin kick technique with fins were formulated.
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