Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2013) 12, 371 - 380

Review article
Psychological Preparation of Competitive Judokas – A Review
Gal Ziv, Ronnie Lidor 
Author Information
The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel

Ronnie Lidor
✉ The Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences Wingate Institute, Netanya 42902, Israel
Email: Lidor@wincol.ac.il
Publish Date
Received: 18-02-2013
Accepted: 06-08-2013
Published (online): 01-09-2013
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article was to review a series of studies (n = 18) on psychological preparation of competitive judokas. These studies were grouped according to the type of study performed – observational, experimental, and case studies. In addition, five psychological categories were identified: (a) imagery, (b) motivation, (c) stress, anxiety, and mood states, (d) eating attitudes and weight control, and (e) coach/athlete interactions. The main findings of this review are that (a) there is a lack of data regarding the use of imagery to improve judo performance; (b) goal involvement states of competitive judokas fluctuate and undergo abrupt changes during actual combat, according to the ecological constraints of the situation; (c) cortisol levels and somatic and cognitive anxiety tend to increase prior to and during a judo combat; (d) weight reduction programs that judokas undergo prior to a judo combat can lead to unpleasant moods, and cultural differences can lead to conflicting results; (e) psychological preparation plans should be tailored to each individual judoka, as there can be significant individual differences among the judokas. Based on the findings of our review, a number of research limitations and methodological concerns are discussed.

Key words: Judo, competition, psychological preparation, imagery, anxiety, motivation, martial arts


           Key Points
  • This article reviews a series of studies (n = 18) examining psychological aspects of judokas who compete at the intermediate level, national team level, and international level, and who hold international titles.
  • Weight reduction programs that judokas undergo prior to a judo combat can lead to unpleasant moods.
  • Psychological preparation plans should be tailored to each individual judoka, as there can be significant individual differences among competitive judokas.
  • An effort should be made to conduct experimental-designed studies in order to assess the effectiveness of psychological interventions in judo.
 
 
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