Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2013) 12, 533 - 541

Research article
Effects of Stabilization Exercise Using a Ball on Mutifidus Cross-Sectional Area in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain
SinHo Chung1, JuSang Lee,2 , JangSoon Yoon3
Author Information
1 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hanyang University Medical Center, South Korea
2 Department of Physical Therapy, Hallym College, Gangwon-do, South Korea
3 Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Hallym Medical Center, Gangwon-do, South Korea

JuSang Lee
‚úČ Department of Physical Therapy, Hallym College, Janghak-ri, Dong-myeon, Chuncheon-si, Gangwon-do, South Korea
Email: ljspt1004@empal.com
Publish Date
Received: 14-03-2013
Accepted: 11-06-2013
Published (online): 01-09-2013
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of lumbar stabilization exercises using balls to the effects of general lumbar stabilization exercises with respect to changes in the cross section of the multifidus (MF), weight bearing, pain, and functional disorders in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. Twelve patients participated in either a 8 week (3 days per week) stabilization exercise program using balls and control group (n = 12). The computer tomography (CT) was used to analyze MF cross-sectional areas (CSA) and Tetrax balancing scale was used to analyze left and right weight bearing differences. Both groups had significant changes in the CSA of the MF by segment after training (p < 0.05) and the experimental group showed greater increases at the L4 (F = 9.854, p = 0.005) and L5 (F = 39. 266, p = 0.000). Both groups showed significant decreases in weight bearing, from 9.25% to 5.83% in the experimental group and from 9.33% to 4.25% in the control group (p < 0.05), but did not differ significantly between the two groups. These results suggests that stabilization exercises using ball can increases in the CSA of the MF segments, improvement in weight bearing, pain relief, and recovery from functional disorders, and the increases in the CSA of the MF of the L4 and L5 segments for patients with low back pain.

Key words: Stabilization exercise, ball, multifidus, cross-sectional area, low back pain


           Key Points
  • Compared with the stabilization exercise using a ball and general stabilization exercise increased the CSA of the MF, weight bearing, pain, and functional ability in patients with low back pain.
  • We verified that increases in the CSA of the MF of the L4 and L5 segments and functional ability during the stabilization exercise using a ball.
  • The stabilization exercise using a ball was shown to be an effective exercise method for patients with low back pain in a rehabilitation program by increasing functional ability and the CSA of the MF.
 
 
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