Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
from September 2014
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2013) 12, 738 - 743

Research article
Repeated Sprint Ability in Elite Water Polo Players and Swimmers and its Relationship to Aerobic and Anaerobic Performance
Yoav Meckel1, , David Bishop2, Moran Rabinovich1, Leonid Kaufman1, Dan Nemet3, Alon Eliakim1,3
Author Information
1 Zinman College of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, Israel
2 Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living and School of Sport and Exercise Science, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
3 Child Health and Sport Center, Pediatric Department, Meir Medical Center, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Israel

Yoav Meckel
‚úČ Life Sciences Department, The Zinman College for Physical, Education and Sport Sciences, Wingate Institute, 42902, Israel
Publish Date
Received: 02-11-2012
Accepted: 17-10-2013
Published (online): 01-12-2013
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The purpose of this study was to determine indices of swimming repeated sprint ability (RSA) in 19 elite water polo players compared to 16 elite swimmers during a repeated sprint swimming test (RST), and to examine the relationships between these indices and aerobic and anaerobic performance capabilities in both groups. Indices of RSA were determined by the ideal sprint time (IS), the total sprint time (TS), and the performance decrement (PD) recorded during an 8 x 15-m swimming RST. Single long - (800-m) and short-(25-m) distance swim tests were used to determined indices of aerobic and anaerobic swimming capabilities, respectively. The water polo players exhibited lower RSA swimming indices, as well as lower scores in the single short and long swim distances, compared to the swimmers. Significant relationships were found between the 25- m swim results and the IS and the TS, but not the PD of both the swimmers and the water polo players. No significant relationships were found between the 800-m swim results and any of the RSA indices in either the swimmers or the water polo players. No significant relationships were found between the 25-m and the 800-m swim results in either the swimmers or the water polo players. The results indicate that swimmers posses better RSA as well as higher anaerobic and aerobic capabilities, as reflected by the single short- and long-distance swim tests, compared to water polo players. The results also indicate that, as for running and cycling, repeated sprint swim performance is strongly related to single sprint performance.

Key words: Intermittent activity, continuous effort, recovery, training

           Key Points
  • Elite water polo players demonstrated lower repeated sprint ability (RSA), aerobic and anaerobic capabilities compared to elite swimmers.
  • A 25-m swim trial correlated significantly with ideal sprint time and total sprint time, emphasizing the important contribution of anaerobic metabolism for these exercise types in both water polo players and swimmers.
  • 800-m swim results did not correlate with RSA or 25-m swim results, demonstrating a discrepancy in exercise-dependent energy sources between the long distance swim and the other two testing procedures.
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