Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2014) 13, 597 - 603

Case report
Resistance Training with Instability in Multiple System Atrophy: A Case Report
Carla Silva-Batista1, , Hélcio Kanegusuku1, Hamilton Roschel1, Eduardo O. Souza1, Telma F. Cunha1, Gilberto C. Laurentino1, N. Manoel2, Marco T. De Mello3, Maria E.P. Piemonte4, Patrícia C. Brum1, Claudia L. Forjaz1, Valmor Tricoli1, Carlos Ugrinowitsch1
Author Information
1 School of Physical Education and Sport; University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
2 Division of Rheumatology, School of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
3 Center for Psychobiology and Exercise Studies, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
4 Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Medical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Carla Silva-Batista
✉ School of Physical Education and Sport; University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
Email: csilvabatista@usp.br
Publish Date
Received: 23-12-2013
Accepted: 27-02-2014
Published (online): 01-09-2014
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ABSTRACT

This case report assessed quality of life, activities of daily living, motor symptoms, functional ability, neuromuscular parameters and mRNA expression of selected genes related to muscle protein synthesis and degradation in a patient with Multiple System Atrophy (MSA). The patient underwent resistance training with instability devices (i.e., bosu, dyna disk, balance disk, Swiss ball) for six months twice a week. After the six months training, the patient’s left and right quadriceps muscle cross-sectional area and leg press one-repetition maximum increased 6.4%, 6.8%, and 40%, respectively; the patient’s timed up and go, sit to stand, dynamic balance, and activities of daily living improved 33.3%, 28.6%, 42.3%, and 40.1%, respectively; the patient’s severity of motor symptoms and risk of falls decreased 32% and 128.1%, respectively. Most of the subscales of quality of life demonstrated improvements as well, varying from 13.0% to 100.0%. mRNA expression of mechanogrowth factor and mammalian target of rapamycin increased 12.7-fold and 1.5-fold, respectively. This case report describes likely the first nonpharmacological therapeutic tool that might be able to decrease the severity of motor symptoms and risk of falls, and to improve functional ability, neuromuscular parameters, and quality of the life in a patient with MSA.

Key words: Exercise training, risk of falls, motor symptoms, cross-sectional area


           Key Points
  • Six months of resistance training with instability alleviate the MSA-related effects and improve the quality of life in a patient with MSA.
  • High complexity exercise intervention (i.e., resistance training with instability) may be very beneficial to individuals with impaired motor control and function as MSA patients.
  • Caution should be exercised when interpreting our findings as they cannot be generalized to the entire MSA population and they do not allow establishing causal conclusions on the effects of this mode of exercise on MSA.
 
 
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