Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Views
10900
Download
262
 
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2014) 13, 829 - 835

Research article
The Effect of Structured Exercise Intervention on Intensity and Volume of Total Physical Activity
Niko Wasenius1, , Mika Venojärvi2, Sirpa Manderoos1,3,4, Jukka Surakka5, Harri Lindholm6, Olli J. Heinonen7, Sirkka Aunola4, Johan G. Eriksson1,3,8,9,10, Esko Mälkiä11
Author Information
1 Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
10 Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland
11 Department of Health Sciences, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland
2 Institute of Biomedicine, Exercise medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
3 Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland
4 Department of Health, Functional capacity, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Turku, Finland
5 Arcada, University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland
6 Unit of Health and Work Ability, Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
7 Paavo Nurmi Centre & Department of Health and Physical Activity, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
8 Unit of General Practice, Helsinki University General Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
9 Department of Chronic Disease Prevention, National Institute for Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland

Niko Wasenius
✉ Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Email: niko.wasenius@helsinki.fi
Publish Date
Received: 07-05-2014
Accepted: 06-08-2014
Published (online): 01-12-2014
Share this article
 
 
ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the effects of a 12-week structured exercise intervention on total physical activity and its subcategories. Twenty-three overweight or obese middle aged men with impaired glucose regulation were randomized into a 12-week Nordic walking group, a power-type resistance training group, and a non-exercise control group. Physical activity was measured with questionnaires before the intervention (1–4 weeks) and during the intervention (1–12 weeks) and was expressed in metabolic equivalents of task. No significant change in the volume of total physical activity between or within the groups was observed (p > 0.050). The volume of total leisure-time physical activity (structured exercises + non-structured leisure-time physical activity) increased significantly in the Nordic walking group (p < 0.050) but not in the resistance training group (p > 0.050) compared to the control group. In both exercise groups increase in the weekly volume of total leisure-time physical activity was inversely associated with the volume of non-leisure-time physical activities. In conclusion, structured exercise intervention did not increase the volume of total physical activity. Albeit, endurance training can increase the volume of high intensity physical activities, however it is associated with compensatory decrease in lower intensity physical activities. To achieve effective personalized exercise program, individuality in compensatory behavior should be recognised.

Key words: Nordic walking, resistance training, energy expenditure, thermogenesis, glucose intolerance


           Key Points
  • Structured NW or RT training does not increase the volume of total physical activity.
  • NW intervention can increase the volume of higher intensity activities.
  • The increased in volume of LTPA induced by the structured NW and RT interventions was associated with the decreased volume of NLTPA.
 
 
Home Issues About Authors
Contact Current Editorial board Authors instructions
Email alerts In Press Mission For Reviewers
Archive Scope
Supplements Statistics
Most Read Articles
  Most Cited Articles
 
  
 
JSSM | Copyright 2001-2020 | All rights reserved. | LEGAL NOTICES | Publisher

It is forbidden the total or partial reproduction of this web site and the published materials, the treatment of its database, any kind of transition and for any means, either electronic, mechanic or other methods, without the previous written permission of the JSSM.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.