Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2014) 13, 958 - 963

Research article
Effects of In-Water Passive Recovery on Sprint Swimming Performance and Heart Rate in Adolescent Swimmers
Rafael A. Casuso1, , Emilio Martínez-López2, Fidel Hita-Contreras1, Irene Ruiz-Cazalilla2, David Cruz-Díaz1, Antonio Martínez-Amat1
Author Information
1 Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain
2 Department of Music, Plastic Expression and Body Language, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain

Rafael A. Casuso
✉ Department of Health Sciences, University of Jaén, Jaén, Spain
Email: casusopt@gmail.com
Publish Date
Received: 02-10-2013
Accepted: 25-09-2014
Published (online): 01-12-2014
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ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study is to test the hypothesis that sprint swimming performance is enhanced by in-water passive recovery (IN) after sprint swimming bouts in well-trained adolescent swimmers. Using a randomized crossover study design, twelve well-trained adolescent swimmers performed two tests at the swimming pool after preliminary testing. They performed 5 bouts of 100m all-out swimming separated by 5 minutes of passive rest. Their individual in- or out-of-water passive recovery condition was randomized on the first day. In their second visit to the swimming pool the opposite recovery condition was indicated. More than 60% of the subjects which rested in-water were faster in the 5th bout when compared to the OUT group. However, no significant differences were found in blood lactate when IN and OUT were compared. After the first bout peak heart rate (HR peak) was lower in subsequent bouts for IN recovery when compared with OUT (p < 0.001). Thus, coaches and researchers should take into account that IN passive recovery may decrease loss of performance and diminish HR peak during sprint swimming bouts. This is particularly important given the use that many coaches give to HR as a tool in daily training.

Key words: Swimmers, test, sprint, recovery


           Key Points
  • In-water passive recovery minimizes the loss of performance during high intensity swimming
  • Maximal HR is significantly reduced by in-water recovery
  • Coaches should take this information into account when using HR to control swimming intensity
  • Future research should study long-term effects induced by in-water passive recovery
 
 
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