Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2015) 14, 584 - 590

Research article
Changes in the Game Characteristics of a Badminton Match: A Longitudinal Study through the Olympic Game Finals Analysis in Men’s Singles
Guillaume Laffaye,1 , Michael Phomsoupha1, Frédéric Dor2
Author Information
1 UR CIAMS – Motor Control and Perception Group, Sport Sciences Department, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France
2 IRMES – 11 avenue du Tremblay, 75012 Paris, France

Guillaume Laffaye
✉Laboratory “Complexité, Innovation et Activités Motrices et Sportive” Sport Sciences Department, Bât., 335, Université Paris-Sud, 91405 Orsay, France
Publish Date
Received: 05-01-2015
Accepted: 01-06-2015
Published (online): 11-08-2015
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The goal of this study was to analyze, through a longitudinal study, the Olympic Badminton Men’s singles finals from the Barcelona Games (1992) to the London Games (2012) to assess some changes of the Badminton game characteristics. Six Olympic finals have been analyzed based on the official video of the Olympic Games (OG) through the temporal structure and with a notational approach. In total, 537 rallies and 5537 strokes have been analyzed. The results show a change in the game’s temporal structure: a significant difference in the rally time, rest time and number of shots per rally (all p<0.0001; 0.09 < η2 < 0.16). Moreover, the shot frequency shows a 34.0% increase (p<0.000001; η2 = 0.17), whereas the work density revealed a 58.2% decrease (from 78% to 30.8%) as well as the effective playing time (-34.5% from 34.7±1.4% to 22.7±1.4%). This argues for an increase in the intensity of the game and a necessity for the player to use a longer resting time to recover. Lastly, the strokes distribution and the percentage of unforced and forced mistakes did not show any differences throughout the OG analysis, except for the use of the clear. This results impact on the way the training of Badminton players should be designed, especially in the temporal structure and intensity.

Key words: Notational analysis, elite, racket sport, video analysis, shuttlecock

           Key Points
  • Badminton game has become faster, with an important increase in the shot frequency (+34%)
  • The effective playing time has decreased between first to last Olympic Games (-34.5%)
  • The strokes distribution and the percentage of unforced and forced errors show no differences through the OG analysis, except for the use of the clear
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