Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
ISSN: 1303 - 2968   
Ios-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Androit-APP Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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©Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2015) 14, 716 - 722

Research article
Influence of Two Different Exercise Programs on Physical Fitness and Cognitive Performance in Active Older Adults: Functional Resistance-Band Exercises vs. Recreational Oriented Exercises
Hernán Ponce-Bravo1,2, Christian Ponce1, Belén Feriche1, Paulino Padial1, 
Author Information
1 Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
2 Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Physical Culture, National University of Chimborazo, Ecuador

Paulino Padial
✉ Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
Email: ppadial@ugr.es
Publish Date
Received: 10-06-2015
Accepted: 29-07-2015
Published (online): 24-11-2015
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ABSTRACT

This study examines the impact of a resistance-band functional exercise program, compared with a recreational exercise program, on physical fitness and reaction times in persons older than 60 years. Fifty-four community-dwelling volunteers (71.76 ± 6.02 years) were assigned to a specific exercise program: Functional activity program (focused on resistance-band multi-joint activities; experimental group, EG), or recreational physical activity program (with gross motor activities of ludic content; control group, CG). Before and after the intervention, we determined cognitive capacity in terms of simple reaction time (S-RT), choice reaction time (C-RT) and fitness. In both groups physical performance improved, though this improvement was more marked in the EG for grip strength, arm strength and gross motor abilities (p < 0.05). Reaction times were better only in EG (S-RT = 10.70%, C-RT = 14.34%; p < 0.05) after the corresponding physical training intervention. The training period showed no effect on the moderate relationship between both RT and gross motor abilities in the CG, whereas the EG displayed an enhanced relationship between S-RT and grip-strength as well as the C-RT with arm strength and aerobic capacity (r ~ 0.457; p < 0.05). Our findings indicate that a functional exercise program using a resistance band improves fitness and cognitive performance in healthy older adults.

Key words: Aging, reaction time, physical activity program, cognitive capacity


           Key Points
  • Better cognitive processes can be achieved as physical condition improves
  • Exercise sessions of a more recreational type do not seem to constitute a stimulus able to improve both physical and cognitive performance in healthy active older adults
  • The improvement of cognitive function, as assessed through reaction times, seems more linked to the workload and strength component of the training program.
 
 
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